"Epidemiology" Essays and Research Papers


Epidemiology Paper Anavictoria Fortaleza March 5, 2012 NUR408 Epidemiology Paper Vulnerable populations are "those with a greater than average risk of developing health problems by virtue of their marginalized socio-cultural status, their limited access to economic resources, or personal characteristics such as age and gender" (De Chesnay & Anderson, 2008). Infants and young children are vulnerable to a host of healthcare problems, they are susceptible to viral infection especially respiratory...

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Epidemiology: Epidemiology is the study of frequency, distribution and determinants of health related states and events including diseases and the application of this study to control the disease and other health problems. It can be also described as a branch of evidence based medical science that deals with the incidence, distribution and control of diseases in a population chiefly by use of statistics. In other terms, it is a sum of the factors controlling the presence or absence of a disease...

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 Epidemiology Paper Roshanda Dixon Grand Canyon University: NRS-427V March 27, 2015 Abstract According to the reading epidemiology is the study of the distribution and determinants of the health related stated or events (WHO, 2013). The purpose of this study is to gain control of the disease and other major health issues. Tuberculosis is one of the most largest nationwide diseases that are spread throughout the continent. The description of the disease along with how it’s spread...

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Epidemiology of Rubella

Epidemiology of Rubella NUR 408 August 6, 2012 Epidemiology of Rubella Pregnant women are one vulnerable group susceptible to contracting a viral disease. One viral disease that pregnant women can contract is rubella. Rubella is often a mild disease that affects children, adolescents, young adults, and is susceptible to pregnant women. The disease can be devastating when transmitted to the fetus. This paper will discuss the definition and description of epidemiology as well as the steps and...

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Epidemiology of Homeless

Epidemiology of Homeless/Indigent People with Mental Illness Vulnerable populations are defined in many ways. Variables of the definition are dependent on the author, their current location and how they believe that they may assist this population. Vulnerability as defined in a healthcare setting are those with a greater than average risk of developing health problems by virtue of their marginalized sociocultural status, their limited access to economic resources, or personal characteristics such...

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Nursing Epidemiology

Running head: EPIDEMIOLOGY Epidemiology Epidemiology Maintenance and restoration of health in collaboration with the prevention and treatment of illness is imperative to the health of the public. Contemporary medicine incorporates science, research, and technology not only to maintain and restore health, but also to prevent and treat illness. A holistic approach is necessary to the success of public health and must integrate epidemiologic theory and principles at the foundation (Stanhope...

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Diabetes Epidemiology

Diabetes Epidemiology Paper Tammy Stadler, RN NUR 408 October 27, 2011 Joni Reynolds, RN/CNS, MSN Diabetes Epidemiology Paper According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics, "[By 1993] death certificates listed diabetes as the fifth leading cause of death for Blacks aged 45 to 64, and the third leading cause of death for those aged 65 and older in 1990” (Bailey, 2007, p. 1). These statistics show how serious the problem of diabetes has...

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Week5 Epidemiology

 Epidemiology NUR/408 February 2, 2015 Amy Reagan Epidemiology Public health nursing involves assessing populations of all kinds, on a regular basis. Vulnerable populations are the most worrisome as they are at higher risks for certain diseases or actions. Teens are among the vulnerable populations due to many different risk factors, such as pregnancy, drug use, and much more. Epidemiology plays a major role in public health nursing by allowing nurses to study and identify risk factors that...

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Field Epidemiology

Field Epidemiology-10 Field epidemiology the application of epidemiology under a set of general conditions: The problem is unexpected A timely response may be demanded Travel to and work in the field is required by epidemiologists to solve the problem The investigation time is likely to be limited because of the need for a timely intervention Field investigations involving acute problems may differ from conventional epidemiologic studies in three important ways 1. Field investigations often...

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diabetes epidemiology

Diabetes Epidemiology September 29, 2014NUR/408 Abstract The following analysis of diabetes is intended to show the role of epidemiology in the surveillance and prevention of diabetes within the African American community. The examination defines and shows the purpose of epidemiology as well as the tools utilized in the study of the disease. This includes the epidemiological triangle which assists in outlining the levels of prevention for diabetes within the African American community. Diabetes...

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Epidemiology Paper

Running head: Epidemiology paper: Tuberculosis Epidemiology Paper: Tuberculosis Richard Doria Grand Canyon University NRS-427V October 5, 2014 Epidemiology Paper: Tuberculosis “Tuberculosis (TB), a multisystem disease with myriad presentations and manifestations, is the most common cause of infectious disease–related mortality worldwide. Although TB rates are decreasing in the United States, the disease is becoming more common in many parts of the world. In addition, the prevalence...

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Epidemiology Paper

Epidemiology Paper NUR/408 July 23, 2012 Abstract Epidemiology is viewed as the fundamental science of public health and is key in endorsing optimal health in the community as a whole (Stanhope & Lancaster, 2008). Epidemiologic study and practice continues to reform public health and endeavors to prevent disease in communities across the world. This paper will address through descriptive epidemiology, the rising disease of obesity and will focus on the teen and adolescent population of the...

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Uses of Epidemiology

Uses of Epidemiology Hint: Think like a… -Biologist -Medical doctor -Public health officer -Health policy maker Eg. World health organization (look at the spread of a disease); Pharmacy (find preventative Eg. Stop the spread of west nile virus (mosquito), learn from the media, get rid of standing water around your house USA: Cause of mortality in the 1900s per 100,000 people #1 cause of death = pneumonia (respiratory infection causing inflammation) Caused by bacteria infection...

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Epidemiology of Ms

The Epidemiology of Multiple Sclerosis: An in-depth Study Your Name Course/Number Date Instructor Name (Doctoral students must include the following on the title page instead: title, author’s name, and institution name) Abstract This paper examines eight journalistic articles depicting research and case studies analyzing the epidemiology of Multiple Sclerosis (MS). This in-depth analysis will explain the history and prevalence of the disease, and its impact on our society, along with...

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Epidemiology study

 Epidemiology, the branch of medical science that investigates the distribution and determinants of health-related (disease) events in populations, applies this data and information to the control of health problems. With a combination of health and social sciences, and statistics, Epidemiologists aims to explore disease patterns in populations, identity the causes of disease and provide data for the prevention, control, treatment and management of diseases. Epidemiologist determines factors...

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epidemiology HIV

a written paper of 1,200-1,500 words, apply the concepts of epidemiology and nursing research to a communicable disease. Communicable Disease Selection Choose one communicable disease from the following list: 1. Chickenpox 2. Tuberculosis 3. Influenza 4. Mononucleosis 5. Hepatitis B 6. HIV Epidemiology Paper Requirements Include the following in your assignment: 1. Description of the communicable disease (causes, symptoms, mode of transmission, complications, treatment) and the demographic...

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Epidemiology Paper

 Epidemiology Kenya Story Grand Canyon University Concepts in Community and Public Health NRS-427V Colleen Darrow July 26, 2014 Epidemiology Description According to the Center for Diseases Control and Prevention, Tuberculosis (TB) is an infectious bacterial disease caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria normally infects the lung but can invade any organ such as the spine, kidney and brain. If the infection is not appropriately treated the person can die (CDC, 2012). There...

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epidemiology Paper

Epidemiology PaperEpidemiology Paper This will paper discuss one of the deadly disease in the world call Tuberculosis (TB). The goal is to prevent the disease and prevent the spread of the disease from the teaching that the community health nurse will provide. An individual can die if TB is left untreated. Active Tuberculosis Tuberculosis (TB) is an infection caused by a bacteria called Mycobacterium Tuberculosis. This respiratory disease that in most common in the lungs. (World Health...

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APPLIED EPIDEMIOLOGY 1. Discuss odds ratio. An odds ratio (OR) is a measure of association between an exposure and an outcome. The OR represents the odds that an outcome will occur given a particular exposure, compared to the odds of the outcome occurring in the absence of that exposure. Odds ratios are most commonly used in case-control studies, however they can also be used in cross-sectional and cohort study designs as well (with some modifications and/or assumptions). In statistics...

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Chickenpox and Its Epidemiology

 Chickenpox and its Epidemiology Grand Canyon University Concepts in Community and Public Health Nursing NRS 427V February 20, 2014 Chickenpox and its Epidemiology Chickenpox is a viral infection caused by the Varicella Zoster Virus (VZV) transmitted via the respiratory route that causes itchy, blisters-like rashes usually lasting about 5-10 days. It is highly contagious transmitted by person to person contact (direct) from respiratory secretions or indirectly through contact...

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WK5 Epidemiology Paper

 Epidemiology Paper Betsy Rangel NUR/408 April 11, 2012 Professor Karen Harriman Epidemiology Paper Epidemiology is important to communities because it studies health and diseases to determine where they come from, educate on ways to stop epidemics from taking place or the spread of certain diseases.  Epidemiology has also taken on the study of health in such things as heart disease, cancer, HIV/AIDs, etc and has formed education materials to be able to educate the community,...

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Epidemiology Paper

Epidemiology Paper This paper will discuss the communicable disease influenza. It will discuss the causes, symptoms, and treatments, as well as the demographics of interest. It will also discuss the determinants of health and how these factors contribute to the development of influenza. Included in this paper will be information on host, agent, and environmental factors. Lastly it will explain the role of the community health nurse in caring for those affected with influenza and the role they play...

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Epidemiology in the Elderly with Heart Disease

Epidemiology in the Elderly with Heart Disease Epidemiology in the Elderly with Heart Disease Public health promotes healthy living for each community through epidemiology. Disease prevention and control is the common goal of epidemiology, nursing practice, and public health. “Epidemiology is the study of the population in order to monitor the health of the population, understand the determinants of health and disease in the community, and investigate and evaluate interventions...

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Nur 405 Epidemiology Paper

Epidemiology NUR 408 Epidemiology Public health nursing allows nurses to encounter various vulnerable populations on a daily basis. In particular, the elderly make up a large portion of the population, and their vulnerability to the environment and other physical factors is a very important aspect of public health nursing. Epidemiology allows the public health nurse to study and assess vulnerable populations, including the elderly, and create interventions that maximize the health potential...

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Epidemiology and Primary Diabetes Prevention

Epidemiology Paper Mazurah Smith University of Phoenix According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention's National Center for Health Statistics, "[By 1993] death certificates listed diabetes as the fifth leading cause of death for Blacks aged 45 to 64, and the third leading cause of death for those aged 65 and older in 1990.” (Bailey, 2007). These statistics show how serious the problem of diabetes has become in the black community. Epidemiological studies can focus the efforts...

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Descriptive and Analytic Epidemiology

Running head: Descriptive and Analytic Epidemiology TUI University Lea Glover MPH 504 Descriptive and Analytic Epidemiology Case Assignment #3 Dr. Sharon Nazarchuk Abstract Descriptive epidemiology is defined as the study of the amount and distribution of disease within a population by person, place, and time. Descriptive epidemiology answers the following questions: Who is affected? Where and when do cases occur? It describes cases by person, place, and time (TUI University 2008). ...

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Prevalence of Skin Diseases among Miners in Brgy. Diwalwal Monkayo, Compostela Valley Chapter 1 INTRODUCTION Background of the Study Skin diseases are one of the health problems posed by the mining industry to its workers and to those who are living near quarry sites. In Mindanao, the mining community in Brgy. Diwalwal Monkayo, Compostela Valley is perhaps the most important because of the number of small-scale mining operations that remains largely...

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Application of Epidemiology Concepts

 Epidemiology Assignment Course: HASY 510G – Epidemiology II Lecturer: Ms. Terry-Lee Howard Student: Sherline Onika Chase Student ID#: 64556 Submitted: 25th May, 2014 Table of Contents Table of Contents --------------------------------------------------------------------- 2 Introduction ---------------------------------------------------------------------------- 3 Concept 1: Estimating Risk ---------------------------------------------------------- 4 Concept II: Study...

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Application of Epidemiology to Obesity

interaction, in which genetically susceptible individuals respond to an environment with increased availability of palatable energy-dense foods and reduced opportunities for energy expenditure, contributes to the current high prevalence of obesity (The Epidemiology of Obesity, 2007). The United States is not alone in experiencing increases in the prevalence of obesity. Similar increases have been reported from a number of other countries and regions of the world. For example, in England, the prevalence...

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Programmatic Assessment-Epidemiology Nur/408

Programmatic Assessment-Epidemiology NUR/408 May 23rd, 2013 Programmatic Assessment-Epidemiology This document will discuss the relevancy of the population chosen and the disease of interest. The vulnerable population that was chosen is the homeless. The disease related to this population is HIV/AIDS. It will define and describe epidemiology regarding HIV/AIDS and the steps and methods used. This document will also define the Epidemiological Triangle and the different types of epidemiology. It will also...

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Principles of Disease and Epidemiology

Chapter 14 – Principles of Disease and Epidemiology Pathology Infection and Disease 1. Pathology is the scientific study of disease – concerned with cause (etiology) and manner in which disease develops (pathogenesis) - Also concerned with structural and functional changes brought about by disease and final effects on the body 2. Infection – invasion or colonization of the body by pathogenic microorganisms 3. Disease – when infection results in change in state of health Normal Microbiota...

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John Snow - the Father of Modern Epidemiology

John Snow – The Father of Modern Epidemiology By Amy Blackburn John Snow – The Father of Modern Epidemiology Introduction Epidemiology is the study of patterns of disease in human populations: who has the disease, how much disease they have, and why do they have it (Hydroville Curriculum Project, 2004). Epidemiologists study disease in groups of people, or populations. They study the general information about the populations. This form of research is largely field work. You, as an...

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Communicable Disease Epidemiology

 Epidemiology: Chickenpox (Varicella) Sheree Criner, RN Grand Canyon University NRS 427 V December 21, 2014 Epidemiology: Chickenpox (Varicella) As stated by to Centers for Disease Control (CDC) (CDC, 2013); chickenpox is a very contagious disease caused by the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). VZV causes a primary infection that is characterized by a rash with macules, papules, and then vesicles. Other symptoms include fever, lethargy, and pruritus. VZV then remains in the body on the sensory...

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Epidemiology: Infectious Disease and Hiv Risk Activities

Definition and Description of Epidemiology The word epidemiology was derived from the Greek words where “epi” means upon, “demos” means people, and “logos” means study. Epidemiology can be defined in detail as the study of distribution and determinants of health-related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to the prevention and control of health problems. (Last, 2001) Here, in the definition the distribution refers to analysis of persons, classes of people...

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What Do You Understand by Term Epidemiology? How the Study of Epidemiology Helps Us to Know the Health Status of the Community? Discuss the Importance of Surveillance in the Community Health.

by term Epidemiology? How the study of Epidemiology helps us to know the health status of the community? Discuss the importance of Surveillance in the community health. Epidemiology is the study of how often diseases occur in different groups of people and why. Epidemiological information is used to plan and evaluate strategies to prevent illness and as a guide to the management of patients in whom disease has already developed. Like the clinical findings and pathology, the epidemiology of a disease...

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Research Synthesis (meta-analysis) Case Study Single subject Design Epidemiology (Case control and Cohort) Experimental Historical (Archival) Epidemiology Research What is Epidemiology?  “the  study  of  the  distribution and determinants of health related states or events in specified populations, and the application of this study to the  control  of  health  problems”  (Last,  1988) Epidemiology Research Terminology  Distribution—relates to the frequency and patterns...

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of Presentation Disease Stages, Transmission of Pathogens, and Epidemiology COS Headings: Microbial Growth and Microbes in the Environment Microbiology Demystified: chapter 13 • • • • • • • • • Disease terminology Types of Microbiota Disease classification Host involvement of diseases Stages of disease Modes of transmission and reservoirs of diseases Portals of entry and exit Nosocomial infections and emerging diseases Epidemiology Course Mentor: Kim Shahi, PhD Vocabulary • Pathology: Study of...

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Epidemiology and Surveillance

Scott L Tomar, a profession at the University of Florida describes public health surveillance as the ongoing systematic collection, analysis, interpretation and dissemination of data regarding a health-related event for the use in public health action (Tomar, 2007). The information collected from surveillance is implemented in planning, evaluating and to put together research hypothesis (Tomar, 2007). He explains that this surveillance contributes and aids in the decrease of not only morbidity...

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Introduction to Epidemiology 101 Health 330 Study Guide for Exam 1 Chapters 1, 2, 3 09-21-2013 Chapter 1: History, Philosophy, and Uses of Epidemiology 1. Salmonellosis is an infection caused by Salmonella bacteria, which can produce gastrointestinal symptoms of cramping, diarrhea, and fever that begin 12 to 72 hours after onset. a. 2008 Case: tomatoes and peppers grown in Mexico 2. Epidemic: the occurrence in a community of a disease clearly in excess of normal expectancy a...

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The Epidemiology of Tuberculosis

The purpose of this paper is to discuss tuberculosis (TB), provide a clinical description, and discuss the determinants of health in relation to TB and the role and tasks of the community health nurse in regards to the disease. Tuberculosis is caused by Mycobacterium tuberculosis, a bacterium that usually affects the victim’s lungs and is spread through the air. TB spreads from one community or country to another as people travel or through immigration to new areas. Today’s modern world of...

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Epidemiology : History on Thomas Sydenham

Background of Thomas Sydenham (Father of Clinical Observation) Name: Thomas Sydenham Date of Birth: 10 December 1624 Place of Birth: Wynford Eagle Education: * Commenced the study of medicine at Magdalene Hall, Oxford in 1642 * After 2 months interrupted his studies to participate in the civil war on the parliamentary side * He returned to the university in 1645 to enter Wadham College to become a physician * Received his Bachelor of Medicine in 1648 * Studied with Christopher...

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Smoking: Epidemiology and Immediate Outright Ban

Essay on Banning Smoking in Public Places Cigarettes contain over 500 poisons which cause smoking related illnesses such as bronchitis, emphysema, diseases of the heart liver, vascular and lung, birth problems, cancer of the lip, tongue, gum, larynx bladder and lung, peptic ulcers, jaundice and strokes (see Appendice 2). Persistent smoker's teeth and fingernails are yellow. Research shows that every cigarette smoked equates to taking approximately fourteen minutes off your life. There is no known...

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Intro to Epidemiology Review Question Ch.10-13

REVIEW QUESTIONS FOR CHAPTER 10 1. A case-control study is characterized by all of the following except: a. It is relatively inexpensive compared with most other epidemiologic study designs b. Patients with the disease (cases) are compared with persons without the disease (controls) c. Incidence rates may be computed directly d. Assessment of past exposure may be biased e. Definition of cases may be difficult 2. Residents of three villages with three different...

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Hepatitis Amoung Homelss Vets

disease. Because chronic carriers can live decades with none or few symptoms public health efforts are aimed at stopping transmission of HCV with “screening of potential carries to determine infection rates. The homeless have not been included in epidemiology studies of HCV due to their transient lifestyle making tracking and identification of carriers difficult. However data indicates that injection drug use accounts for the majority of cases of HCV among the homeless as compared to the general population...

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Personal Reflection on "Age of Aids" by Frontline

is an apt study for two reasons. First it details the process of identifying a disease which was new and mysterious; second in doing so it gives us insight on how epidemiology plays an important role. This gives us an understanding of epidemiology and its basic concepts in force while executing this role. The objectives of epidemiology of identifying the cause of disease, in this case AIDS, extent to which it has penetrated. Finding records for similar cases for further investigation which would...

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Epidemelolgy and Risk Management

LASA 1 Epidemiology and Risk Management PH6012 A01 August 28, 2013 The role of an epidemiologist is to study the relationship between conditions that arise within a given population. Their job is to collect and analyze data that will determine how the disease occurred and how they can prevent the spread and reoccurrence of the disease in question. In regards to the diarrhea outbreak in Taylor Township and Simon Township, the epidemiologist would have to determine what...

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assignment 1

Application of Epidemiology – A Case Study Analyze Good Health Hospital s records and itemize records and itemize recent nosocomial infections that occurred within the past year. In your report, categorize the different parameters (i.e., person, time, place, ethnicity, and gender) used in the compilation of data into the information summative. An outbreak of E-coli has occurred in Good Health Hospital, this has become a major problem since the outbreak occurred in Ward...

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Childhood Obesity

that were once confined to adults (Mayoclinic.com, 2010). This paper will not only define and describe epidemiology, but will also discuss the following; steps and methods of epidemiology, epidemiological triangle, type of epidemiology used, as well as description of the relationship of the disease to various levels of prevention, as related to childhood obesity. In the past, the term epidemiology is used to refer to the spread of diseases that were primarily infectious in origin, but now its definition...

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Epidemiological Analysis of Type II Diabetes

collection and analysis and review becomes more valuable. Epidemiological Tools and Analysis Descriptive epidemiology relative to type II diabetes describes the distribution of disease outcomes according to person, place, and time. This is important because the disease is manifested differently in varied populations and time spans (Fos, & Fine, 2005). Additionally, descriptive epidemiology documents a picture of actual disease patterns. This information is especially helpful when looking at data...

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Article on Risk Management

DEFINITIONS OF RISK Brian A. Burt, BDS, MPH, PhD Correpondence: Dr. Brian A. Burt Department of Epidemiology School of Public Health University of Michigan 109 Observatory Street Ann Arbor, MI 48109-2029 Phone: 734-764-5478 Fax: 734-764-3192 E-mail: bburt@umich.edu Reprints will not be available. 2 Abstract: Risk-related terms such as risk factor, modifiable risk factor, demographic risk factor, risk indicator, determinant, and risk marker are often not well defined in the literature. This short...

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Ghost Map

this map as supplementary evidence for his South London case, as the basic technique of population statistics measuring the incidence of a given phenomenon had entered the mainstream scientific and medical thought only in the previous two decades. Epidemiology as a science was still in its infancy, and many of the basic principles had yet to be established. However, the author claims that Snow’s map was revolutionary, writing, “Part of what made Snow’s map groundbreaking was the fact that...

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Research on Adult Food

regions, genders, and age. 4) Where did the scientific investigation take place? Investigation took place in the Harvard School of Public Health’s epidemiology department in Boston, Massachusetts. 5) Choose 3 new vocabulary terms and define them. Cardiovascular: of or relating to the heart and blood vessels Epidemiology: the branch of medicine dealing with the incidence and prevalence of disease in large populations and with detection of the source and cause of epidemics...

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Autism epidemic real or fake?

year, the definition of autism has transformed, and the criterion for autism has developed, indicating that the prevalence of autism has obviously increased. Instruments to conduct diagnoses have also altered to mislead autism to be an epidemic. Epidemiology is a way of generating statistics, but is not an accurate way of answering questions of why. This is evident in the myths about the link between vaccinations and autism. The ‘child data’ quarrel demonstrates the how children before the 1990’s were...

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Public Healthcare 1. Discuss the basic concepts of Health. What are public Health Concepts of Disease control? How the different levels of Prevention, promote the health of the community? 2. What do you understand by the term Epidemiology? How the study of epidemiology helps us to know the health status of the community? Discuss the importance of surveillance in the Community Health. 3. What is the importance of Demography? Enumerate any ten demographic indices of Indian population and compare...

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Cholera Project

from the medical journal considered these to be conjectures. What is the difference between inference and conjecture? Part four: 1. The basic questions of epidemiology focus on the time and place: why here and why now. What are the answers to these questions for the Broad Street outbreak? 2. Epidemiology relies on non-experimental tests of hypotheses. What was Snow’s hypothesis and how did he test it? 3. How did Whitehead improve on Snow’s test of this hypothesis? ...

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Nursing Study Guide

types of populations? What are different types of community boundaries? What are goals of communities? What are frameworks for assessing communities? What are factors to consider in assessing the health of communities? Module 4 Epidemiology What is Epidemiology? What might account for variations in disease patterns over time? Definitions of key Epidemiologic terms. What is the Natural History of Disease?  what types of interventions are appropriate at the various stages of this epidemiologic...

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Epidemiology.Research. Tuberculosis

 Tuberculosis _ Epidemiology and Nursing Research. Concepts in Community & Public Health NRS427V November14, 2013 Tuberculosis _Epidemiology and Nursing Research. Communicable diseases occurs in every country regardless of urban, rural, or with socio economical diversities. In order to help in prevention and control of communicable diseases, locally, nationally and globally, nurses who are working with the public health system , must...

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Sociology and Environmental Justice

Social movement c. Social economy d. environmentalism 5. The two social explanations for why social movements emerge are relative deprivation and _______________. a. Environmental justice b. Social integration c. Resource mobilization d. Social epidemiology 6. All of the following are examples of a new social movement, except: a. Labor movement b. Gay rights c. Women’s movement d. Environmental justice 7. The ________________ theory of social change sees societal progress as inevitable. a. Functionalist...

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Statement of Purpose

suggestions were given to the population by taking account into their available resources. The MBBS undergraduate curriculum provided for a detailed study of epidemiology, planning and evaluation, statistics and international health which will help me understand the subjects of the Masters in Applied Public Health curriculum like principles of epidemiology, health policy, role of an epidemiologist etc. My undergraduate training as a doctor gives me a strong foundation to develop my skills as an epidemiogist...

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 Understanding the Importance of Entrepreneurialism

its beneficiaries. A social audit seeks to evaluate how well public resources are being used to meet the real needs of target Beneficiaries. • Social Epidemiology Social epidemiology is a branch of epidemiology that focuses particularly on the effects of social-structural factors on states of health. Social epidemiology assumes that the distribution of advantages and disadvantages in a society reflects the distribution of health and disease. It proposes to identify societal...

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