Minorities

Topics: Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Serbia Pages: 10 (3648 words) Published: June 14, 2013
The largest national minority in Croatia is Serbian minority. Writing about this minority is very interesting for me because Croatian had lived with Serbians in one country, former Yugoslavia and we had big war which had separated two nations. Despite the war that we had and which has started 1991. and finished 1995.,many people with Serbian nationality lives in Croatia. The protection of minority rights in Croatia is comprehensively assured by the Constitutional Law on the Rights of National Minorities (CLNM) that was adopted in December 2002. The country has ratified the majority of international human and minority rights instruments which, once ratified, form part of the internal legal order of Croatia and are in higher rank compared to domestic legislation. ( ACCESS TO EDUCATION, TRAINING AND EMPLOYMENT OF ETHNIC MINORITIES IN THE WESTERN BALKANS COUNTRY REPORT CROATIA, Antonija Petričušić, M.A., “Only the educated are free.” Epictetus (Greek philosopher, cca. 55-135 A.D.), Europäische Akademie Bozen / Accademia Europea Bolzano (EURAC), Bozen / Bolzano) After the elections 2003. The government of the Republic of Croatia went a step further in the protection of national minorities’ rights. Republic of Croatia entered into coalition agreements with the representatives of national minorities and pledged it would take some concrete measures to continually promote the protection of national minorities and solve the remaining open questions that .the national minorities in Croatia are confronted with. According to the 2011 census there were 186,633 ethnic Serbs living in Croatia, 4.4% of the total population. (http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbs_of_Croatia ) This number is the number of people who are living in Croatia after the war and comparing with the number of 581,663 people, this number is significantly reduced. (see Table 1) Ethnic Serbs are by far the largest minority and together with Roma population, they are facing with the most discrimination and exclusion. Table 1.Ethnic structure of the population in Croatia 1981-2001

Source: ( Minority rights group international, Report, Minorities in Croatia, UK, Minority Rights Group International 2003.) The census 2001. also showed increased number of Serbian population and that was mainly because many ethnic Serbs were outside the country at the time of the census, including refugees who intended to return, and partly because some people may have been afraid to declare their ethnicity. In 1995. the signing of The Erdut Agreement secured peaceful( re) integration of Eastern Slavonia, Barnja and Western Sirmium into the legal and political system of Croatia, and also the established a UN Transitional Administration in these areas. This agreement has also led to new hitherto inconceivable, rights for Serbs, including autonomous organizations, and their representation in the Chamber of Counties. Further, this led to the foundation of the Joint Council of Municipalities, and the Serb National Council as a main body representing Serbs in Croatia. ( Minority rights group international, Report, Minorities in Croatia, UK, Minority Rights Group International 2003.) Counties with the significant number of Serbian minority (Table 1) include by census 2011 are Vukovar- Syrmia County, Lika-Senj County, Sisak-Moslavina County, Šibenik-Knin County and Karlovac County. Table 1. Counties with the significant number of Serbian minority (Table 1) include by census 2011 County| Total population| Number of Serbs| Percentage of Serbs| Total percentage of minorities| Vukovar-Syrmia County| 179.521| 27.824| 15,50%| 20.83%| Lika-Senj County| 50.927| 6.949| 13,65%| 15,85%|

Sisak-Moslavina County| 172.439| 21.002| 12,18%| 17.61%| Šibenik-Knin County| 109.375| 11.518| 10,53%| 12,61%| Karlovac County| 128.899| 13.408| 10,40%| 13,89%|
Source: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Serbs_of_Croatia
There is also 16 cities and towns with significant number of...
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