Mb0038 Management Process and Organisation Behavior

Topics: Maslow's hierarchy of needs, Abraham Maslow, Psychology Pages: 16 (5576 words) Published: December 2, 2010
Master of Business Administration-MBA Semester 1
MB0022/ MB0038 – Management Process and Organization Behavior - 4 Credits (Book ID: B1127)
Assignment Set- 1 (60 Marks)

Generally, a team or central organ or agency which is co-ordinating the activities and efforts of the various individuals working together in an organisation enabling their collectively function as a team is called management. The term management may have different meanings depending upon the context in which it is used.

Management has become the key to success in the modern organisation. Every organisation needs to make decision, coordinate their activities, handle their people and control the operation directing it towards its objectives.

It has been therefore seen defined in the following ways: 1.Management is an art of getting things done. 2.Management is a process. 3.Management is a group of managers.4.Management is a discipline.

Mary Parker defines management as “the art of getting thing done through others.” This definition emphasizes that the manager achieve organisational objectives by getting work done through the workers. It represents the traditional view of management under which workers are treated as a factor of production only. This definition is incomplete in the present context; its deficiencies are as follows: 1. The definition is vague as it does not identify the functions which a manager has to perform to get result from others. 2. It gives the impression of the manipulative character of the practice of management. 3. The employees are merely treated as means for getting results. In other words, their position is like a cog in the wheel. This definition ignores the needs of the workers and does not offer them human treatments.

The process of management involves the determination of objectives and putting them into action. Henri Fayol viewed management as a process consisting of five functions which every organisation performs. “To manage is to forecast and plan, to organise, to command, to coordinate, and to control”. This definition clearly define the four functions of management. But the modern trend is to classify managerial functions in to five categories: 1. Planning

2. Organizing
3. Staffing
4. Directing
5. Controlling

The term management is frequently used to denote a group of managerial personnel. When one says that ‘management of this company is very efficient’ it is implied that the persons who are looking after the affairs of the company are very efficient. Thus, management is the body or group of people which performs certain managerial functions for the accomplishment of predetermined goals. These people are individually known as ‘managers’.

Management has been widely recognized as a discipline or filed of study. It is taught as a specialized branch of knowledge in educational institute. As a field of study, the subject includes management subjects, principles, techniques and skills. Management is a multi-disciplinary discipline. It has drawn heavily from Anthropology, Psychology, sociology etc. after obtaining a diploma or degree in management, a person can try for a managerial job.
Management is a distinct activity having the following salient features or characteristics.

1. ECONOMIC RESOURCE: Management is an important economic resource together with land, labour and capital. As industrialization grows, the need for mangers increases. Efficient management is the most critical input in the success of any organized group activity as it is the force which assembles and integrates other factors of production, namely, labour, capital and materials. 2. GOAL ORIENTED: Management is a purposeful activity. It coordinates the efforts of workers...
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