Comparing Two Perspectives of Management

Powerful Essays
Topics: Management
Definition of Management
Management is the attainment of organisational goals in an effective and efficient manner through planning, organising, leading and controlling organisational resources (Samson & Daft, 2009, p. 12).

In essence, the final outcome of management is to achieve organisation goals and managers in various levels should achieve goals effectively and efficiently by intelligently utilizing financial, human and other resources in hand. The four skills which may assist managers to achieve these organisational goals are planning, organising, leading and controlling.

Traditional vs. Modern Perspectives
The practice of management can go back as far as 3000 BC. It developed over thousands of years from Traditional style of management to Modern today.
Traditional Perspectives
Traditional Perspectives includes (Samson & Daft, 2009):
1. Classical Perspectives – concentrates on making the organisations an efficient operating machine.
2. Humanistic Perspectives – emphases understanding human behaviour, needs and attitudes in the workplace. It has taken more consideration of behaviors, needs and attitudes as well as social interactions and group processes.
*For the purpose of the report, I will not elaborate on each item mentioned above.

Use Human Resources Perspective as an example. It suggests that Jobs should be designed to meet higher-level needs by allowing workers to use their full potential (Samson & Daft, 2009). This theory was initially supported by a ‘dairy farm’ view and further illustrated by the Maslow 's hierarchy of needs and McGregor Theory X & Theory Y.

It is my understanding that the theory suggests people generally perform better if they are given full rein to their imagination and creativity. This, in details, means:
1. People are given freedom to fulfill their desired physiological, safety, love/belonging, self-esteem and self-actualization (Maslow’s Hierarchy) needs and wants. They may not be satisfied with all five

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