Assess the critical differences between the developmental strategies of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. To what extent was each successful in contributing to the economic and social development of china?
This paper aims to find out the differences between the developmental strategies of Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping. Mao Zedong and Deng Xiaoping are important characters of China's history. Both great leaders and both tried to bring about reform with China. In addition, through the facts that society in China has been changing in recent decades, evaluate the achievements of each in the contribution to economic and social development of China.
Developmental strategies of Mao Zedong
Mao Zedong has proposed many strategies in the construction of Chinese socialism. Below are the main points: 1. Mao addresses that in the socialist construction, China should combine Marxism-Leninism with the country’s real situation, taking the experience of Soviet Union as Warning, then go the Chinese own way. Mao insisted to learn, not to copy the successful experience of other countries in the exploration of Chinese socialist construction. 2. Mao's social-political programs taking the revolution and development of productivity as a compass for work. Such as the Great Leap Forward and the Cultural Revolution. 3. Mao’s determination to speed up rate of economic advance, it also compare with Britain. (Source from: Lecture 4 notes) 4. Mao has made some basic economy strategies. He putted agriculture in a prominent position, the raised question about how to develop industry. 5. Mao’s determination to create a new socialist society-the first (non-soviet) ’communist society. Gathering all the positive elements to serve the socialist construction. Positive elements include the domestic and overseas power. This strategy is for improving productivity base on the large population and weak economy of China.
Developmental strategies of Deng Xiaoping
As Mao’s leadership ended, Deng took the flag to lead the development of China. There were some prominent strategies made by Deng: 1. Implementing the reform and opening up for China’s economy and society development. In the 1978, Deng is the designer of reform and opening to the outside world（gai ge kai fang）, he has a famous saying:”Black cat or white cat, if it catches mice, it is a good cat.” During 30 years of reform and opening up, Chinese people experience raising living standard and harmony happy life. 2. Proposing “one country with two systems” policy to call-back Hong Kong. 3. Placing economic construction in the centre of all missions, with insistence of four principles and the reform and opening up. This strategy is the guiding plan to build a socialist country with Chinese characteristics. 4. Keeping a low profile on the diplomatic route of peaceful development. Deng’s policy in establishing relationship with other countries has greatly enhanced China’s international status. 5. Regarding science and technology as the primary productivity, acknowledging intellectuals as part of the working class. 6. Resuming the examination for college education and attaching importance to developing education.
Differences of Developmental strategies between Mao and Deng Though Mao and Deng were both aiming for the same thing to contribute to China’s development, by comparing their strategies, some differences can still be found. These differences have great meaning for China. Below are the differences: First, Mao and Deng’s developmental strategies differ in their history backgrounds. Mao’s thoughts were greatly affected by war and revolution, thus his strategies were born for being suitable for the demand of Chinese revolution. Mao’s strategies have a strong war time character. On the other hand, Deng’s strategy is under the situation of a peaceful world. Deng’s strategy is formed up in probing the way to build a socialist society with Chinese character. So it reflects a rather modern...
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