Literature Report : Global Warming

Topics: Global warming, Carbon dioxide, Earth Pages: 8 (2632 words) Published: May 29, 2013
Global Warming, an everyday problem.

Name: Vanessa Abel
Class: IBMS2A
Course Code: CU11609
Date: 04-10-2012
Teacher: Mrs. Heertjes

Table of contents


The purpose of this report is to teach us students how to write a proper and complete report. There are a few steps which had to be taken in order to make sure this report will be as complete as possible. This involves the searching, gathering, reviewing and referencing of two scientific articles/reports and ten other information sources. I will go deeper into the two scientific articles which are provided. The two articles provide information about a problem which is globally well known, namely: Global Warming. Both articles haven been researched by scientists. But before I started writing I created a mind map. Mind Mapping is a useful technique that helps you learn more effectively, improves the way that you record information, and supports and enhances creative problem solving. By using Mind Maps, you can quickly identify and understand the structure of a subject. You can see the way that pieces of information fit together, as well as recording the raw facts contained in normal notes. More than this, Mind Mapping helps you remember information, as they hold it in a format that your mind finds easy to recall and quick to review. The Mind Map below states the information I needed to be able to put together this report. In the middle I wrote the key word which to me was ‘Global Warming’. Surrounding this key word, I have written down everything that came into my mind regarding to this key word.

For this report, I have formulated a clear problem statement. A problem statement is an essential part of my research because it will help me adress the problem in the right way. By looking at my problem statement I know which tools are nessecary in order to get to the right angle of the problem which I am researching in this report. The problem statement is as follows: “How can every company and individual contribute to fight global warming?”.

Even though people and businesses are already taking some measures, the planet is still under too much pressure. Companies are using sustainability ‘going green’ as a tool to attract new customers and do not really take the environment into account the way they really should. Individuals often state that they try to help by seperating garbage and buy packaging of products which can be re-used but also do not do this as consquent as they should. People are being adviced to make use of public transport more often but still the majority of people with a full time job prefers taking the car. What they do not know is that when driving a car, carbon dioxide comes in the air from burning gasoline. To back up my problem statement I have formulated a few subquestions as well. With the use of these sub- questions I will be able to find the best awnser for my problem statement. The subquestions for the problem statement are: * What are the opinons of most people about global warming? * Which serious measures can companies take in order to fight against Global Warming? * Which measures can people take to fight global warming? * What will be the effects of Global Warming in the future? After finishing my research I will be able to anwsers these sub-questions and have one good and clear awnser for my problem statement. Furtermore in this report you will find the 2 articles, a CARS checklist, a summary,a searchplan, info about plagiarism, a list of references and a review.

The two scientific articles

For this report I have searched for two complete scientific articles. The first article is an article provided by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA). Anthes, R.A., Corell, R.W., Holland, G., Hurrell, J.W., MacCracken, M.C., & Trenberth, K. (2010, February 12). Hurricanes and Global Warming—Potential Linkages and Consequences. Bulletin of the...

References: Arctic Council. (2010). Arctic Climate Impact Assessment Report. Accessed March 22, 2009.
Balachandran, N., Rind, D., Lonergan, P., & Shindell, D. (2011). Effects of solar cycle variability on the lower stratosphere and the troposphere. Journal of Geophysical Research, 104(D22), 27, 321-327, 339.
Bender, M. A., Knutson, T. R., Tuleya, R. E., Sirutis, J. J., Vecchi, G. A., Garner, S. T., and Held, I. M. (2010). Modeled Impact of Anthropogenic Warming on the Frequency of Intense Atlantic Hurricanes. Science, 327(5964), 454-458.
Bonan, G. B. (2009). Forests and Climate Change: Forcings, Feedbacks, and the Climate Benefits of Forests. Science, 320(5882), 1444-1449.
Cazenave, A. (2011). How fast are the ice sheets melting? Science, 314, 1251-1252.
Clement, A.C., Burgman, R., Norris, J.R. (2009, July 24) Observational and model evidence for positive low-level cloud feedback. Science, 325 (5939), 460-464.
Dessler, A., Zhang, Z., Yang, P. (2009, October 23). Water-vapor climate feedback inferred from climate fluctuations, 2003-2008. Geophysical Research Letters, 35, L20704.
Emanuel, K. (2012). Increasing destructiveness of tropical cyclones over the past 30 years. Nature, 436, 686-688.
Foucal, P., Frölich, C., Spruit, H., and Wigley, T. (2008). Variations in solar luminosity and their effect on the Earth’s climate. Nature, 443, 161-166.
Hansen, J., Sato, M., Ruedy, R., Kharecha, P., Lacis, A., Miller, R., Nazarenko, L., et al
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