Literature in English

Topics: Mouth, Phonetics, Phonation Pages: 4 (1075 words) Published: April 7, 2013
Phonetics 202

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Chapter 2

Speech Organs
• • Speech organs are not created solely (only) for speech; they have other function as well. The nose and the mouth, for example are breath passages, the teeth and the tongue for chewing (‫(ﻣﻀﻎ اﻟﻄﻌﺎم‬ Most of Speech organs are in the Chest, throat ‫ اﻟﺤﻠﻖ‬and head.

Speech organs are those organs that take part in the speech act or speech process whether directly or indirectly. Some organs are articulator such as (Lower Lip and five part of tongue): 1- Lower Lip • Moves upward to touch the upper lip as in /b , p/ • or touch the upper teeth as in /f, v/ • takes part in rounding process with the upper lip as in /w/. 1- Apex 2- The Tongue ‫اﻟﻠﺴﺎن‬ a. It located directly above the pharynx ‫اﻟﺒﻠﻌﻮم‬ b. It is a major speech organ. c. One of the meaning of "tongue" is Language d. The Tongue have five part : 2- Front 3- Center 4- Dorsum Lower Lip 5-Root

1- The Apex ‫ﻃﺮف اﻟﻠﺴﺎن‬ It's also called "Tongue tip. It touches the alveolus ‫ ﻧﻘﺮة‬as in / t / Come between the upper and lower teeth as in / θ / think Curves back as in the American / r /

2- The front ‫اﻟﻤﻘﺪﻣﺔ‬ It is the part of the tongue between the apex and the middle of the tongue. It touches or approaches ‫ ﺗﺘﻘﺘﺮب‬the parallel part ‫ اﻟﺠﺰء اﻟﻤﺘﻮازي‬of the palate when producing some sound like /y /. 3- The Center Between the front of the tongue and the dorsum ‫ﻇﻬﺮ‬ 4- The dorsum ‫ﻇﻬﺮ اﻟﻠﺴﺎن‬ Back of the tongue. It usually touches or approaches the back part of the palate, i.e. the velum as with / k , g /. 5- The root /tongue back The farthest part of the tongue. It has a role in producing pharyngeal ‫ ﺑﻠﻌﻮﻣﻲ‬sound like / 9/ in Arabic but it has no role in English.

Prepared by Salah A. Mohalawi

Page 1 of 4 0503343289

Phonetics 202

Not for Sale its Free for every body

Some organs are Point of Articulator such as (the Upper lip, upper teeth, lower teeth, alveolus, alveopalate,...
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