Human Growth and Development
The Play Years
Gross Motor Skills: The abilities required in order to control the large muscles of the body for walking, running, sitting, crawling, and other activities (Gates).
Theory of Mind: When a child has not yet obtained this theory they are too egocentric to grasp other perspectives. I chose to conduct this observation at Cielo Vista Mall where they have a play area for children. The play area is inside, which was very confortable considering how bipolar El Paso weather can be. I conducted my observation from 1:30pm to 4:00pm; I believe the time is very important since children and families tend to have an increased amount of energy at this time. As I began my observation I noticed that the children nor parents minded my presence, in most cases it would have been odd to have an individual sitting in the play area with a notebook, pen, and observing eyes. Nevertheless they didn’t seem to mind, making it easier to conduct my observation with no distractions. I chose two concepts gross motor skills and theory of mind. As I began my observation I noticed there are children ranging from ages one through seven. It doesn’t seem as if the age is relevant but then you notice their motor skills and how different they are. There was this little girl around the age of one, she was walking or shall I say wobbling, she was looking at her feet as she was making her five steps toward her father. She mastered her crawling skill, which is also a great example of how well she controlled her muscles but then I glanced over at a three year old whom was walking straight up, with great posture, he didn’t look down at his feet, he was running jumping and even walking backward. These motor skills that they develop as they grow definitely make a difference while their playing in the play area. The one-year-old little girl couldn’t do all the jumping and climbing that the three-year-old little boy could. The point I am
Citations: Gates , R. (n.d.). The play years: Biosocial development . Retrieved from http://www.rcgates.com/psyc/c8_3.html