Understand Child and Young Person Development
Sequence of development in children and young people
0-3years, 4-7years, 8-12years, 13-16years, 17-19years
PHYSICAL DEVELOPMENT - Play motivates babies and children. Children enjoy running around, chasing and climbing as part of their play and in doing so will build up muscles, stigma and physical skills. Children playing with blocks, jigsaws and rolling out dough will be increasing their hand-eye coordination as well as their fine manipulative skills.
INTELLECTUAL - Children learn about their immediate environment through play. Babies for example, often drop objects from their high chair in a playful way to see what happens. Older children make up games and learn about rules and making up rules from playing. Play of all kinds appears to stimulate the brain and expose it to new sensations. This in turn helps children to express ideas or show what is happening.
COMMUNICATION - Play helps children to practise speech and communication. A toddler may speak to a doll or teddy while an older child may practise their speech and communication skills on each other such as in role play. SOCIAL/EMOTIONAL/BEHAVIOURAL - Play is one of the media through which socialisation takes place. Babies gain a sense of security as well as enjoyment through simple games such as peek a boo and from being hugged in a playful way. Older children are able to play alongside other children and from this play to learn about relationships. Role play helps children to explore feelings and the dynamics of different relationships.
Moral Development - This is a sub-set of social development with strong links to cognitive development. The development of morality is about the decisions that children and young people may, the principles that they adat and their behaviour towards others.
Physical – Reflexes
Cognitive - Babies recognise their mother’s voice and smell
Communication -They are able to cry