In 1991, a Finnish student, Linus Torvalds, created a free terminal emulator, based in UNIX, that would eventually take the form of an operating system kernel, Linux version 0.01. Linux evolved into a fully functioning Operating System (OS) with one of its first distributions created by the Manchester Computing Center, MCC Interim Linux, using a combined boot/root disk (Hayward, 2012). Linux luminaries, Slackware, RedHat and Debian began to rise between 1992 and 1994 as well as the Linux kernel growing to version 0.95, becoming the first kernel to run the X Windows System. The Big Three, Slackware, Debian and Red Hat were instrumental in the anticipated launching of Linux version 1.0.0 in 1994 with 176,250 lines of code. Over the next five years the big three released some of the greatest Linux distributions, including the Jurix Linux, which is allegedly the first distribution to include a scriptable installer; the installer allows an administrator install across similar machines. The Juris Linux distribution is mostly noted in Linux history because it was used as a base system for SUSE Linux which is still in operation today (Hayward, 2012). Launched in 1996, Linux 2.0 had 41 releases in the series; inclusion of critical operating system features and rapid releases helped to make the Linux operating system the OS of choice for IT professionals. Another notable moment in Linux history was the release of Version 2.4 which contained support for USB, PC Cards, ISA Plug and Play and Bluetooth, just to name a few; these features demonstrated the versatility and the advancement of the Linux kernel since the early days of Version 1.0.0 (Hayward, 2012). As Linux succeeded and achieved a more Zen-like harmony with the user and the PC, a new approach was needed to incorporate those users who preferred a Microsoft approach to Linux, hence the Ubunto release in October 2004 (Hayward, 2012). Moving towards the present day, the fourth most popular Linux based operating...
References: Hayward, D. (2012, November). The history of Linux: how time has shaped the penguin. Retrieved from http://www.techradar.com/us/news/software/operating-systems/the-history-of-linux-how-time-has-shaped-the-penguin-1113914
Vaughn-Nichols, S. (2012, December). Windows has fallen behind Apple iOS and Google Android. Retrieved from http://www.zdnet.com/windows-has-fallen-behind-apple-ios-and-google-android-7000008699/
Vaughn-Nichols, S. (2012, December). 2012’s Top five Linux stories with one big conclusion. Retrieved from http://www.zdnet.com/windows-has-fallen-behind-apple-ios-and-google-android-7000008699/
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