Unit 1 Chapter Exercise

Topics: Linux kernel, Unix, Operating system Pages: 2 (649 words) Published: April 16, 2015
Ivan S. Gonzales
April 16, 2015
Unit 1 Chapter Exercise
Chapter 1, pp. 20-21, Exercises 1, 4
1. What is free software? List three characteristics of free software. Free software is code that is available for free to everyone. It is free to be studied, redistributed, and modified.

4. What is the Free Software Foundation/GNU? What is Linux? Which parts of the Linux operating system did each provide? Who else has helped build and refine this operating system? The GNU is a completely free operating system built by Richard Stallman and many of its components, except for the kernel, were completed in the early '90s. Linus Torvalds wrote the kernel for Linux, which was also intended to be a free operating system, in the early '90s. The two systems then were combined together to finish Linux, with its original kernel and added features supplied by GNU. Linux was born off the internet with hundreds of people helping to develop it in its early years.

Chapter 2, p.50, Exercise 1
1. Briefly, what does the process of installing an operating system such as Fedora/RHEL involve? Installing Fedora/RHELis the process of copying operating system files from a CD, DVD or USB flash drive to hard disk on a system and setting up configuration files so Linux runs properly on the hardware.

Chapter 3, p. 86, Exercises 1, 4, 8
1. What is a live system? What advantages does it have over an installed system? A live system gives you a chance to preview Fedora without installing it.

4. Where on the disk should you put your /boot partition or the root (/) partition if you do not use a /boot partition? Put /boot at the beginning of the drive (partition 1) so that there is no issue of Linux having to boot from a partition too far into the drive.

8. When does a Fedora/RHEL system start X by default? If you have set runlevel 5 to be the default, it'll start when the system boots. If you set runlevel 3, you'll boot to a text-based console. From...
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