Unit 40: Lead Positive Behavioural Support
Unit code: O32
Analyse theories underpinning Positive Behavioural Support Positive Behaviour Support (PBS) - A values led, person centred, evidence based intervention model that seeks to improve an individual’s communication, independence and quality of life. It aim to bring together best practice from Applied Behaviour Analysis, the inclusion movement Person Centred Planning. PBS is an inclusive approach, supporting people to stay in their homes and schools environments. The Positive Behaviour Support model has a strong and growing body of supporting research evidence. The British Psychological Society, The Royal College of Psychiatrists and The Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (2007) recommend PBS as the primary intervention model for challenging behaviour and the Mansell Report (2007) advises staff receive training in PBS or related models. PBS is widely being used in schools and is starting to be recognised in care, I intend to ensure all staff are trained in PBS (referring to Mansell Report) therefore using the same interventions, theories and support structures as we will be providing care for many children (0-18) and adults whom have learning/physical disabilities and many of these individuals may be at risk from or already showing established concerning behaviours. Positive behaviour support approaches have become established as the preferred approach when working with people with learning disabilities who exhibit behaviours described as challenging. This is now reflected in a significant body of authoritative guidance, including Positive and Proactive Care: reducing the need for restrictive interventions. (Department of Health 2014) British Psychological Society’s Guidelines (Baileral 2004), and the Joint Guidelines of the Royal College of Psychiatrists, the British Psychological Society and the Royal College of Speech and Language Therapists (2007). The strengths and successes of positive behaviour support approaches and theories provide the reason for the increasing support for their use. They are fundamentally rooted in person centred values, aiming to enhance community presence, increasing personal skills and competence and placing emphasis on respect for the individual being supported. They also use quality of life improvements for the person, both as an intervention and as an outcome measure. Evaluate how current policy informs Positive Behavioural Support practice “Department of Ageing, Disability and Home Care” (DADHC) in ‘using PBS in Care’ outlines requirements in providing a behaviour support service to adults, children or young people with an intellectual disability. The recipients of a behaviour support service are referred to within our Policy as Service Users. The guidelines and my company recognises that quality support should be informed by good practice and sound research, the following points will contribute and act as guidance to my company’s policy on PBS once our staff have undergone the specific training in this area - Consistent with a contemporary disability services approach, legislative requirements, and evidence-based practice, the Department promotes a positive approach to behaviour support. - Target group for policy This Policy applies to all services for adults, children and young people with an intellectual disability. - I have a responsibility to ensure that people who receive a behaviour support service are protected from exploitation, abuse, neglect, and unlawful and degrading treatment. All activities related to behaviour support will be supportive and respectful of the individual needs and goals of the Service User, as identified through an Individual Plan, and based on a current and comprehensive assessment. Behaviour support services will be provided with consideration of the needs of Service Users and their families and from culturally and linguistically diverse (CALD) communities, and...
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