Law and European Council History

Topics: European Union, European Commission, Treaty of Lisbon Pages: 8 (3093 words) Published: February 25, 2013
The Evolution of the European Council as a major institution of the European Union Pre History
How did the formation emerge?
The reasons behind the creation of the European Council emerged through the inclination that society seemed to be failing to cope with existing and forthcoming challenges that communities were being presented with. Europe didn’t have an institution which was capable of providing dominance and leadership on decision making. The European council provided an evolution of power which the E.U needed in order to create an efficient and effective political system. This new focus was seen as the gateway to providing a clear vision for Europe who’s aim was to build a community which was more effective both domestically and internationally. French President Giscard d’Estaing along with the help of West German Chancellor Schmidt, were both instrumental in creating the European Council. They realised that Europe needed a new voice and body which would format a congregation compiling of only the main statutory figures in government to meet on a casual basis to discuss current proceedings and clear up any issues or disagreements which may have arisen. (Nugent, 2010)

Pre History of the European Council began in 1945 after World War 2 arose between European counterparts; it was this that sparked a need to create common European movement. There is evidence of traces to the creation of the European Council which date as far back as 1949. (The Daily Bell) This Union provided clear communication between Western Europe where such countries as Germany, England, Italy, Portugal The Netherlands, Belgium, Denmark and Ireland, amongst more, joined forces as a community in the hope of forming peace along with a sustainable future for their respective countries . In 1951, six of these countries formed an agreement and signed a treaty to amalgamate the heavy goods industry under a general management scheme. This was in order to protect each country from using Heavy industry goods like coal and steel to make weapons which could be used against neighbouring countries. (The Daily Bell) Remarkably positive benefits arose from this Treaty agreement. As a result of the trust that was formed and due to this decision, 6 of the countries rapidly began negotiation into further exchanges which also resulted in the creation of Treaties in economic areas such as Rome where the European Economic Community (EEC) was created in 1957 due to the formation of the E.C The first summits were held in 1961 in Paris and Bonn. The agreed informal meetings began which included all members of the Union. Charles de Gaulle detested the European Commission and their typical organisational planning so he took it upon himself to become the main instigator for organising summit meetings. In 1969 the future of the European Council was noticeable, like a jigsaw on the verge of being pieced together, slowly. The Hague summit of 69’ founded the European Political Cooperation (EPC). This lay the foundation for policy agreements and discussion amongst member states. Official structure of the summits took place in 1974 at the Paris Summit. 1974 is regarded as the date of birth when official creation of the European Council commenced. From this day forward the European Council is recognised as the leading European Institution. The European Council is regarded as the institution which is placed in the position of covering policy procedures and adding value to the E.U. In the beginning the European Council held only 2 meetings per year, now there are over 6 meetings each year. Road From The birth of the E.C in 1974 Paris

The Paris Communique in 1974 was regarded by all as the Formal Identity of The European Council. The Paris Summit only recognised two main points in regard to the European Council. These points were abrupt and dismissive and left important questions unanswered. Secondly at this point the E.C was not accompanied by a Treaty. A political...
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