PART SIX THE MOST RECENT CENTURY 1914–2010
Chapter 21—The Collapse and Recovery of Europe, 1914–1970s
CHAPTER LEARNING OBJECTIVES:
• To examine the history of Europe between 1914 and the 1970s as an organic whole made up of closely interconnected parts • To consider the repercussions of nationalism and colonialism in Europe and Japan • To increase student awareness of the effects of the two world wars • To help students imagine the appeal of totalitarian movements in the twentieth century
blitzkrieg: German term meaning “lightning war,” used to describe Germany’s novel military tactics in World War II, which involved the rapid movement of infantry, tanks, and airpower over large areas. (pron. BLITS-kreeg) European Economic Community: The EEC (also known as the Common Market) was an alliance formed by Italy, France, West Germany, Belgium, the Netherlands, and Luxembourg in 1957 and dedicated to developing common trade policies and reduced tariffs; it gradually developed into the European Union. European Union: The final step in a series of arrangements to increase cooperation between European states in the wake of World War II; the EU was formally established in 1994, and twelve of its members adopted a common currency in 2002. fascism: Political ideology marked by its intense nationalism and authoritarianism; its name is derived from the fasces that were the symbol of magistrates in ancient Rome. (pron. FASH-iz-uhm) flappers: Young middle-class women who emerged as a new form of social expression after World War I, flouting conventions and advocating a more open sexuality. Fourteen Points: Plan of U.S. president Woodrow Wilson to establish lasting peace at the end of World War I; although Wilson’s views were popular in Europe, his vision largely failed. Franco-Prussian War: German war with France (1870–1871) that ended with the defeat of France and the unification of Germany into a single state under Prussian rule. Franz Ferdinand,...
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