Topics: Childbirth, Autism, Autism spectrum Pages: 3 (614 words) Published: May 21, 2014

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Felix Maymi
Nova Southeastern University
Life-Span Human Development
PSYC 2350
Roberta Arrigo

Autism Spectrum Disorder
Key Findings: Population Attributable Fractions for Three Perinatal Risk Factors for Autism Spectrum Disorders, 2002 and 2008 Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring Network Autism is a developmental disability that affects a person’s verbal and non-verbal communication, understanding of language, and socialization with peers. The range of severity can be from mild to severe. Autism is a behavioral disorder, not a disease. It typically appears by age three and is a lifelong condition. Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD) refers to a broad definition of autism including the classic form of the disorder as well as related disabilities that share many of the core characteristics. Although autism affects the functions of the brain, the specific cause is not known. The purpose of this article is to establish associations between adverse pregnancy-related factors that might put children at risk for autism spectrum disorder (ASD). The sample included data collected by several sites in the ADDM Network ( Specifically, information from non-Hispanic white, non-Hispanic black, and Hispanic children born in 1994 (n = 703) or 2000 (n = 1339) who resided in 48 U.S. counties in parts of Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Georgia, Maryland, Missouri, North Carolina, and Utah. Cases were matched on birth year, sex, and maternal county of residence, race-ethnicity, age, and education to 20 controls from U.S. natality files. Researchers chose to examine data on children born on 2000 and compare it with data from an earlier time. Researchers estimated the average population attributable fraction for those children that were born too early (less than 37 weeks), born too small (Less than 10th percentile), and/or born by Cesarean delivery. A population attributable fraction...

References: Schieve LA, Tian LH, Baio J, Rankin K, Rosenberg D, Wiggins L, Maenner MJ, Yeargin-Allsopp M, Durkin
M, Rice C, King L, Kirby RS, Wingate MS, Devine O (2014). Key findings: population attributable
fractions for three perinatal risk factors for autism spectrum disorders, 2002 and 2008 autism and
developmental disabilities monitoring network. Annals of Epidemiology, Vol (4), 260-266.
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