Kazakhstan

Topics: Kazakhstan, Russia, Central Asia Pages: 3 (690 words) Published: April 22, 2014
Republic of Kazakhstan, which is situated in central Asia, has the population of 15,186,000 people and territory 2,719,500 sq. km,. The country is bordered by Siberian Russia in the north, China in the east, Kyrgyzstan, Uzbekistan, and Turkmenistan in the south, and the Caspian Sea and European Russia in the west. Astana is the capital and Almaty (Alma-Ata) is known as the largest city of the Kazakhstan.

Furthermore, Kazakhstan consists of a vast flatland, bordered by a high mountain belt in the southeast. It's territory extends from the lower Volga and the Caspian Sea in the west, to the Altai Mountains in the east. The country is largely lowland in the north and west, hilly in the center (Kazakh Hills), but quite mountainous in the south and east (Tian Shan and Altai ranges). Kazakhstan is a region of inland drainage; the Syr Darya, the Ili, the Chu, and other rivers drain into the Aral Sea and Balkash Lake. However, most of the region is desert or has limited and irregular rainfall.

Despite the fact that Kazakhstan's largely arid conditions, its vast steppes accommodate both livestock and grain production. Even though wheat, cotton, sugar beets, and tobacco are the main crops, the raising of cattle and sheep also one of the strongest areas of the country. Moreover, Kazakhstan is also famous with production of its high quality wool and meat. In addition, although country faced a few problems with overfishing, Caspian sea is still considered as one of the richest fishing grounds that gave an opportunity to develop famous caviar-producing sturgeon.

The Kazakh Hills in the core part of the region which is famous for its mineral resources. Coal is mined at Qaraghandy and Ekibastuz, and major oil fields in the Emba basin. Furthermore, the country's industries are located along the margins of the country. Steel, agricultural and mining machinery, superphosphate fertilizers, phosphorus acids, artificial fibers, synthetic rubber, textiles, and medicines are...
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