JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM
FOUNDATIONS OF THE CRIMINAL JUSTICE SYSTEM-CJS/200
April 21, 2013
Pilar Atterberry, Student
Prof.: BRENDA BARNEY
The rate of juvenile offenders has decreased in some states are since its spike in the early 1990’s. The purpose of the juvenile justice system is to better to preserve the rights of youthful offenders rights, so they are not just thrown into the adult jail/prison system. It also serves the purpose of giving these youthful offenders the chance to receive the proper treatment and rehabilitation that is needed in order to curb delinquent behavior prior to reaching adulthood or “age of maturity” as it is referred to in the juvenile justice system and it is has been totally designed for those purposes.
THE PROCESS OF THE JUVENILE JUSTICE SYSTEM BUDGET
There are several steps in the process of the juvenile justice system. These steps are intake, Detention hearing, waiver hearings, statutory waivers and the transfer process. The intake stage is designed to meet the needs of the offender universally, as presented in the CJI interactive module. At the detention hearing it will be determined if the youthful offender needs to go to Court for the offense or if they can and should be released to a parent or guardian or if they need to be housed at a certain facility until such time as they go to Court.
The waiver hearing is only required in states that require it in order to transfer a youthful offender to adult court for the alleged offense. Other states statutorily send youthful offenders to adult court for the alleged commission of specific crimes that are labeled violent in that state.
Most youthful offenders will have a detention hearing where a judge will decide whether to release them to their parents or any other alternative placement pending disposition of the matter.
A predisposition report will be given to the Court, more than likely by a probation officer or counselor. This report contains background on the youth, such as history of the youth and their needs for rehabilitation, as well as the kind of rehabilitation, at the disposition hearing the judge will use this report to determine the sentence and announce it. Which may consist of time in a detention center or an alternative treatment recommendation, including probation, community service and in patient or outpatient treatment centers. The adjuration process of juveniles is much less formal at this time, but new formalities are being developed today. Right now there are limited appeals processes available to youthful offenders, as they can only appeal under certain circumstances. The authorities remain closely involved in the placement and progress of juvenile offenders. Complaints regarding this process are handled informally.
DELIQUNICY AND STATUS OFFENSES
Delinquency is form of criminal behavior that carried out by a juvenile. Only juveniles can be accused of exhibiting delinquent behavior. Delinquent behavior is consists of the characteristic of a juvenile to commit petty crimes, such as shoplifting.
Status offenses are offenses committed by juveniles based on their age at the time that are not illegal if an adult committed them. Such as truancy, possession of alcohol, as well as consuming it, running away from home. It comes from the legal theory “parens patriae”, which means the government acts on behalf of a child or mentally ill person. (lectlaw.com). It comes from the belief that these kinds of offenses are harmful to minors and that the courts should protect them from such activities. Delinquency relates to status offenses as only juveniles can commit and be protected from status offenses. The court system is not used to protect adults from alcohol consumption and possession. An adult who posses alcohol or disobeys...
References: University of Phoenix. CJI Interactive Chapter 14
https://www.ncjrs.gov/html/ojjdp/193591/page3.html (retrieved, April, 2013)
http://www.ojjdp.gov/jjbulletin/9810_2/program.html (retrieved, April, 2013)
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