Juvenile Court

Topics: Crime, Court, Law Pages: 4 (1898 words) Published: August 23, 2013
Juvenile files are confidential because there are state laws in every state that mandates that juvenile files are confidential. For a juvenile to have there file sealed they have to request it from the court.  Most get probation with circumstances like community service, counseling or drug treatment. We have to look at juveniles differently than we do adults because of their developmental progress. Every juvenile officer who goes through training becomes knowledgeable about the juvenile developmental process.

Research of court procedures in the state of Nevada for juveniles offenders who have not yet reached 18 years of age typically enter the juvenile justice system rather than the adult criminal justice system. While many of the crimes committed may be the same, juvenile offenders are subject to different laws and procedures than adults who have been charged with crimes. The juvenile is arrested by police and booked just like adults would be, with the difference that then the child is given to the parents following a court proceeding. A number of activities are considered offenses when committed by juveniles, because of the their age at the time of the activity. These are called "status" offenses. Examples of status offenses include: 1. Truancy 2. Possession and consumption of alcohol 3. Curfew violations, and 4. Purchase of cigarettes.Nevada strictly enforces minor in possession (MIP) laws and prosecute minors to the fullest extent of the law. In Nevada alcohol, drugs, and tobacco are very accessible to minors due to the exposure to the nightlife.  In other states, however, a minor in a MIP case may be able to receive probation by entering a court-ordered diversionary program, getting medical help, and staying out of trouble.One of the more intensely debated subjects with regard to juveniles has to do with the option to waiver to adult court. Currently, there are three mechanisms by which a juvenile's case may be waived to an adult court. A...
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