Judge and Structure I. Courts
· what is a court?
i. an agency or unit of the judicial branch of govern.,authoried or established by statue which has the authority to decide upon cases
· What is adjudication?
i. the process by which a court arrives at a decision regarding a case
· What type of court system do we run?
i. Dual court system
· Understand Due Process clause
i. portion of the 14th amendement ; used by U.S supreme court to make certain protections in the Bill of rights applicable to the states
· Understand we have a adversial system-what is it?
i. Court sytem that pits two parties against each other in pursuit of the truth
· Know what tort is and tort law
i. Torts are civil wrongs recognized by law to be grounds for a lawsuit ii. tort law deals with conduct that leads to injuries not considered acceptable by societal standards
· know felony and misdeamonor
i. felony is a serious criminal offense generally punishable by more tha a year ii. misdemeanor less serious crime puinishable under a year
· what is a court room group
i. Lawyers,judges,clerks,judge,public defenders etc
· What is a consent degree?
i. a judgement by consent of the parties to a lawsuit where the defendamt agrees to stop the alleged improper activities
· federal court system structure
i. district courts, courts of appeals, and the US supreme court
· Know qualifications and what makes a good judge
i. pro competence, political qulifications,political conn.,self-selection,crapshoot component
· specialized court
i. Drug, family, domestic,child abuse,mental health court
· State court structure
i. courts of limited jurisd. such as traffic courts and misdemeanor courts ii. general jurisdiction courts for felony cases iii. state supreme courts
· what is a juvenile waiver
i. juvenile judicial action that waives jurisdiction over a juvenile charged with commiting a particular crime to adult court
· short essay on gun and domestic court
· qualifications of state