Jeffersonian vs. the Federalists
Thomas Jefferson and Alexander Hamilton were two of the most influential brilliant minds of the late eighteenth and early nineteenth century. Although, Jefferson and Hamilton disagreed with each other continually, their different viewpoints developed the two most prominent branches of government leading to the separation of powers between state and central government. Hamilton was a strong outspoken federalist that believed the average people were not intelligent enough to make decisions the government makes, as oppose to Jefferson who believed the government should be ran by the people. The federalists were mostly developed by high-class wealthy merchants, bankers, manufactures or professional men from New England and the Atlantic Seaboard, along with farmers and Southern planters. They admired the English aristocracy. Federalists considered the common people ignorant and incapable of self-government. They desired high voting qualifications claiming that unfettered democracy was anarchy. They favored a broad interpretation of the constitution to strengthen the central government at the expense of the state’s rights and wanted an expanding bureaucracy.
The Jeffersonian for the most part were artisans, shopkeepers, frontier settlers, or owners of small farms in the interior regions of the South and West. Their attitudes towards government were self-government and more democratic than that of the English. They believed they were capable of self government and they wanted to establish a small property owner’s democracy. They favored in freedom of speech and press. Hamilton spent his whole life career fighting the Jeffersonian people. He thought that the focal point of governing should be done by the federal government. The government and Jefferson’s ideals succeeded over Hamilton and the federalists. The government created the separation between powers and also passed the alien sedition acts of 1798. They were some of the...
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