Islam and Abbasid Caliphate

Good Essays
Topics: Islam, Muhammad, Caliph
Name___________________________________ ID_____________________________

Chapter 9 STUDY GUIDE- Rise of Islam 600-1200

Using complete sentences, answer the following questions on a separate sheet of paper.
1. What was the division in the Islamic community about and who were the groups involved?
2. In what region was the Sassanid Empire?
3. What holy shrine is located in Mecca? According to stories connected with it, who built the shrine and what happened near the site?
4. Muhammad’s teachings seem to be in agreement with what religions?
5. What was Muhammad’s flight to Medina called?
6. What did the supremacy of the Median state depend on?
7. Who was Muhammad’s successor and what was his title?
8. List the 5 pillars of Islam.
9. What is the Quran?
10. What happened as a result of Husayn’s death?
11. Who are the Ahl al-Sunna wa’l-Jama’s, or Sunni for short?
12. List 5 regions/countries conquered by the Muslim caliphs.
13. What caused the unrest that led to the fall of the Umayyad caliphate?
14. Why was the Abassid period called a “golden age”?
15. Why did the Abassid caliphate decline in power?
16. After failing to reform their government and military, the Abassid Caliphate fell under the influence whom?
17. Who were the ulama?
18. Describe the change in economy, government involvement in religious matters, and population during the reign of the Seljuk Turks.
19. What did the hadith deal with? And what was a problem with the hadith?
20. What did conversion to Islam entail?
21. How did urban growth help the countryside? And what were some of the main crops grown?
22. What helped facilitate long-distance trade and integrate rural areas into the economy?
23. Who influenced Muslim science and technology? And what were 3 major scientific advancements of Ibn al-Haytham?
24. Describe 4 aspects of the life of urban women.

Shi’ites Muslims belonging to the branch of Islam believing that God vests leadership of the

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Good Essays

    The Umayyads tried to convert the Islamic conquests into a secular state. The Umayyad caliphs extended the territories of Islam to the walls of Constantinople, the borders of China, and along the southern coast of the Mediterranean to Spain. The Umayyads attempted to maintain a strictly Arab elite within their state. As the number of non-Arab converts to Islam grew, dissatisfaction with the concept of Arab—especially Quraysh—dominance festered. Demands for greater equality among all Muslims coalesced…

    • 299 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    • What were the reasons behinds the decline of Abbasid caliphate? Harun al-Rashid was the last 'Abbasid caliph to rule a clean-cut empire and after his death, the empire was divided in two. One son, Amin, got the western area and the caliphate, and his other son, Al-Mamun got the eastern area, the army, and the right to succession. Moreover, the 4th Fitna (811-813) was not about religious principles, but it was a civil war between Amin and Al-Mamun; Amin wanted his son to be the next caliph, but…

    • 463 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    UMAYYAD AND ABBASID CALIPHATES COMPARED Category Umayyad Caliphate Abbasid Caliphate Origin Political Economic Social Decline (657-750CE) Umayyad clan starts as a foe to Muhammad. They are defeated at Mecca by Muhammad’s forces but are embraced by Muhammad and become a powerful Muslim clan that will lead the faith after Muhammad. After the first three caliphs, The followers of Ali will split away from the faith…

    • 1007 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Abbasid Caliphate’s success as an empire led it to rule over the Middle East from the year 750 to 1254 C.E. Abbas, the first caliph, overthrew the Umayyad’s to create a more righteous caliphate that wanted to follow the Prophet and the Islamic teaching. Little did he know that he was going to create a prosperous empire that would benefit the entire world. Abbas and his successors lead Islam to its golden age. Many people desired the Abbasid Caliphate and chose to move to its province because…

    • 1021 Words
    • 5 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Abbasid Revolution

    • 1803 Words
    • 8 Pages

    The Abbasid Revolution The Abbasid Dynasty, known to its supporters as the ‘blessed dynasty’, which imposed its authority on the Islamic empire in 132/750, claimed to inaugurate a new era of justice, piety and happiness. The dynasty ruled the Islamic Caliphate from 750 to 1258 AD, making it one of the longest and most influential Islamic dynasties. For most of its early history, it was the largest empire in the world, and this meant that it had contact with distant neighbors such as the Chinese…

    • 1803 Words
    • 8 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Abbasid Empire

    • 923 Words
    • 4 Pages

    which was the lands under Islamic rule. The Abbasid Empire was established after the fall of the Umayyad. The main reason for the Abbasids wealth and power came from trade. This helped establish political, cultural, and economic characteristics. The Abbasids differed from many empires in its political view because it was not a conquering dynasty. Only slightly the Abbasids expanded their empire by conquest. Instead of conquering new lands the Abbasids were focusing on creating a government that…

    • 923 Words
    • 4 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    Abbasid Research Paper

    • 2338 Words
    • 10 Pages

    The name of Abbasid is derived from Abbas, who was Mohammad's uncle. It was one of the greatest of the Muslim empires, which was known as the golden age of Islamic culture. They ruled from 750 to 1258 AD. Their capital city was Baghdad. There were many caliphates who ruled Abbasid dynasty. the last caliph was killed by the Mongol when they invaded the city and took over. The Abbasids were known for their achievements such as trading routes with countries, education system, building new styles that…

    • 2338 Words
    • 10 Pages
    Powerful Essays
  • Good Essays

    Abbasid Advancements

    • 639 Words
    • 3 Pages

    The Abbasids came into rule after the Umayyads. It was said that the Abbasids invited the Umayyads to a meeting and they then killed them. The Abbasids had a strong ruling until their empire fell apart. Non-Muslims were supported by the Abbasids. Going through a golden age and being challenged by different groups had an effect on them. Many advancements were made in their time of rule and they were fortunate enough to have a prosperous capital which helped them quite a bit. The Abbasids came into…

    • 639 Words
    • 3 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Good Essays

    The Achievements of Early Muslim Empires The Islamic Golden Age brought to Islam many new ideas. The Abbasid Empire flourished with achievements like new economic practices, literature, and mathematics. The Abbasid Empire was a time of finding ways to make the Islam society better. The Islamic mathematical principles are derived from pieces of other culture mathematics like Greek and Hindu math. Geometry wasn’t as well-developed during that time but it was steadily developing. Since both crafts…

    • 356 Words
    • 2 Pages
    Good Essays
  • Powerful Essays

    The Abbasids Era: Rise And Fall By: Sri Atikah Md. Samuji 0736506 Siti Aisyah Mohd. Kamal 0739532 Mastura Hashim 0735072 To: Dr. Aliza Elias Table of Contents |No. |Contents |Page | |1. |Introduction |2 | |2. |The Eve of the Abbasids…

    • 5737 Words
    • 23 Pages
    Powerful Essays