Iranian Agricultural Academic Staff’s Organizational Culture and their Psychological Empowerment

Topics: Factor analysis, Management, University Pages: 27 (3601 words) Published: October 12, 2013
International Journal of Agricultural Management & Development (IJAMAD) Available online on: www.ijamad.com
ISSN: 2159-5852 (Print)
ISSN:2159-5860 (Online)

Iranian Agricultural Academic Staff’s Organizational
Culture and their Psychological Empowerment
Ehsan Gholifar 1, Hesamedin Gholami 2* and Mehrdad Pouya 3

Abstract
Keywords:
Organizational culture, Psychological empowerment, Iran
agricultural college faculties

1

aculties’ empowerment is one of the effective tools for increasing productivity and optimum use of their individual and group
abilities and capacities to reach organizational goals. Organizational culture is the main component of decision making in universities and one of the requirements of psychological empowerment (i.e. meaning, competence, self-determination, trust, impact). Given the importance of these two variables and their possible relations; and as the main purpose of this study, the supposed correlation between Iran agricultural colleges’ faculties’ psychological empowerment and their organizational culture was investigated. So this descriptive correlation study surveyed agricultural faculties to measure their psychological empowerment and also organizational culture in their colleges. A multi-stage random Sampling approach was implemented. The national sample consisted of 404 faculty members. Factor analysis determined three components of organizational culture (i.e. team-orientations, empowerment and capability development). All components of psychological empowerment

were significantly and positively correlated with team-orientations and empowerment while the capability development was only significantly correlated with trust.

Extension Education Department of Tabiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran. Extension Education Department of University of Tehran, Tehran, Iran. 3 Agricultural Extension and Education Department, Nahavand University, Nahavand, Iran. * Corresponding author’s email: hagholami@ut.ac.ir

2

International Journal of Agricultural Management & Development, 3(2): 83-90, June, 2013.

F

Received: 14 January 2013,
Accepted: 4 April 2013

83

International Journal of Agricultural Management & Development, 3(2): 83-90, June, 2013.

Academic Staff’s Organizational Culture and Psychological Empowerment / Ehsan Gholifar et al.

84

INTRODUCTION
Human Resource (HR) empowerment is one
of the most effective factors influencing employee’s productivity -i.e. optimum benefit from collective and individual capacities toward
achieving organizational goals (Erisen et al.,
2009). Organizations today are affected by a
variety of issues such as increasing global competition, sudden transformations, need for efficient staff, and resource limitations. In such circumstances, pioneer organizations seeking competitive advantage, must possess creative and motivated

human resources (Thomas and Velthouse, 1990).
Therefore, manpower empowerment as the most
important property of every organization is considered necessary. In other words, HR must be able to develop their skills comprehensively,
leading to improved productivity (Sajedi and
Omidvari, 2005). Nowadays, strategy of empowerment is regarded as a very important step in the process of organizational development
which enables organization staff to cope with
the external threats. Of course, it is regarded as
one of the main shortcomings of modern organizations as well. A successful organization is a complex of humans with a dynamic organizational
culture, common thoughts and goals which in
the flexible system of their organization are
willing to share their experience and knowledge
with the management in order to help advance
the organization. So all have a sense of ownership
toward their organization and the job that they
do. Being able to take advantage of the potential
abilities of human resources is a great advantage
for any organization (Blanchard, 2003).
Because of the vital role of...

References: 1- Sajedi, M. (2006). The Study of Person and Organization with Organizational Culture in Public
Universities, (In Persian)
2- Birnbaun, M. (1998). How Do Universities Work?
Tanslated by Arasteh (2002)
3- HajiKarimi, A. (2002). The Role of Human Resource
Development in Improvement of Social Responsibility.
4- Rahimnia, F. & Alizadeh, M. (2006). The Study
of Organizational Dimensions in Perspective of Ferdowsi University (in Persian)
5- Sajedi, F. & Omidvari, A. (2005). Empowerment
Employees and Today Organizations
6- Abdollahi, B. & Heydari, S. (2008). Related
Factors on Empowerment University of Faculty
7- Gharoon, M. (2000). The Analysis of Faculty
Members Award System Revaluations, Quarterly
8- Mohammadi, M. (2002). Employees ' Empowerment: Approaches and Processes. Quarterly Magazine
Management
9- Bartell, M. (2003). Internationalization of Universities: A University Culture-based Framework.
10- Blanchard, C. (2003). Employees Empowerment
Management, translate in farsi: Irannejad, M
11- Denison, D., Cho, H.J. & Young, J. (2000). Diagnosing Organizational Culture: validatina a model
and method
(2009). The Needs for Professional Development of
Academic Staff at Vocational Education Faculties
13- Fralinger, B. (2007). Organizational Culture at
The University Level: A Study Using The OCAI Instrument
14- Liden, R.C. & Tewksbury, T.W. (1995). Empowerment and Work Teams. In G.R. Ferris, S.D.
15- Mallak, L.A. & Kustedt, H.A. (1996). Understanding and Using Empowerment to Change Organizational Culture. Industrial management, November
6- 8, pp
16- Sagie, A. (2002). Investigating the Determinants
of Empowerment Paper Presented at the 8 the Biannual Conference of the International Society for
17- Sigler, T. & Pearson, C. (2000). Creating and
Empowering Culture: Examining the Relationship
18- Spreitzer, G.M. (1996). Social Structural Characteristics of Psychological Empowerment. Academy
of Management Journal
19- Thomas, K.W. & Velthouse, B.A. (1990). Cognitive Elements of Empowerment: an Interpretive
Model of Intrinsic Task Motivation
20- Tsui, A.S., Zhang, Z., Wang, H., Xin, K.R. &
Wu J.B (2006)
21- Whetten, D.A. & Cameron, K.S. (1998). Developing Management Skills. New York: Addison –
Wesley, Wheelan.
22- Wilkinson, A. (1998). Empowerment: Theory
International Journal of Agricultural Management & Development, 3(2): 83-90, June, 2013.
International Journal of Agricultural Management & Development, 3(2): 83-90, June, 2013.
23- Yilmaz, C. & Ergan, E. (2008). Organizational
Culture and Firm Effectiveness: An Examination
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Essay on organizational culture
  • Organizational Culture Essay
  • Analyzing Organizational Culture Essay
  • The Impact of Psychological Empowerment of Employees and Organizational Culture Essay
  • Essay about culture
  • Essay about Organizational Culture
  • Essay about Organizational Culture
  • Organizational Culture Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free