April 26, 2014
The term "schizophrenia means "split mind," it does not refer to the splitting of the personality into several functioning personality subtypes as in dissociative identity disorder. Rather, the term was intended to convey a splitting of the normally integrate cognitive/behavioral/emotional functioning of the brain. For example, a person may suddenly become emotionally agitated even though there is no apparent objective reason for this change. People with the disorder may hear voices other people don 't hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. People with schizophrenia may not make sense when they talk. They may sit for hours without moving or talking. Sometimes people with schizophrenia seem perfectly fine until they talk about what they are really thinking. ( National Institute of Mental Health)
Two or more symptoms, each present for a significant portion of time during a 1 month period
Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior
Negative symptoms Social/occupational dysfunction
Continuous signs of disturbance persist for at least 6 months
Treatment helps relieve many symptoms of schizophrenia, but most people who have the disorder cope with symptoms throughout their lives. However, many people with schizophrenia can lead rewarding and meaningful lives in their communities. Because the causes of schizophrenia are still unknown, treatments focus on eliminating the symptoms of the disease. Treatments include antipsychotic medications and various psychosocial treatments. The older types are called conventional or "typical" antipsychotics, In the 1990 's, new antipsychotic medications were developed. These new medications are called second generation, or "atypical" antipsychotics.
References: American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. Retrieved from: http://www.psychone.net/post-traumatic-stress-disorder.php DSM-IV Criteria for Schizophrenia and other Psychotic Disorders Retrieved from: http://www.dmacc.edu/instructors/tkwilson2/AbSchizophreniaDSM.pdf National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved from: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/index.shtml