Intro of Psychology

Topics: Schizophrenia, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Psychological trauma Pages: 8 (1334 words) Published: June 3, 2014


PS1124-09 Introduction of Psychology
Kaplan University
April 26, 2014

Schizophrenia
The term "schizophrenia means "split mind," it does not refer to the splitting of the personality into several functioning personality subtypes as in dissociative identity disorder. Rather, the term was intended to convey a splitting of the normally integrate cognitive/behavioral/emotional functioning of the brain. For example, a person may suddenly become emotionally agitated even though there is no apparent objective reason for this change. People with the disorder may hear voices other people don't hear. They may believe other people are reading their minds, controlling their thoughts, or plotting to harm them. People with schizophrenia may not make sense when they talk. They may sit for hours without moving or talking. Sometimes people with schizophrenia seem perfectly fine until they talk about what they are really thinking. ( National Institute of Mental Health) Two or more symptoms, each present for a significant portion of time during a 1 month period Delusions

Hallucinations
Disorganized speech
Grossly disorganized or catatonic behavior
Negative symptoms
Social/occupational dysfunction
Continuous signs of disturbance persist for at least 6 months

Treatment
Treatment helps relieve many symptoms of schizophrenia, but most people who have the disorder cope with symptoms throughout their lives. However, many people with schizophrenia can lead rewarding and meaningful lives in their communities. Because the causes of schizophrenia are still unknown, treatments focus on eliminating the symptoms of the disease. Treatments include antipsychotic medications and various psychosocial treatments. The older types are called conventional or "typical" antipsychotics, In the 1990's, new antipsychotic medications were developed. These new medications are called second generation, or "atypical" antipsychotics. Rehabilitation emphasizes social and vocational training to help people with schizophrenia function better in their communities. Rehabilitation programs can include job counseling and training, money management counseling, help in learning to use public transportation, and opportunities to practice communication skills. Rehabilitation programs work well when they include both job training and specific therapy designed to improve cognitive or thinking skills. Programs like this help patients hold jobs, remember important details, and improve their functioning. Cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT) is a type of psychotherapy that focuses on thinking and behavior. CBT helps patients with symptoms that do not go away even when they take medication. The therapist teaches people with schizophrenia how to test the reality of their thoughts and perceptions, how to "not listen" to their voices, and how to manage their symptoms overall. CBT can help reduce the severity of symptoms and reduce the risk of relapse. Self-help groups for people with schizophrenia and their families are becoming more common. Professional therapists usually are not involved, but group members support and comfort each other. People in self-help groups know that others are facing the same problems, which can help everyone feel less isolated. The networking that takes place in self-help groups can also prompt families to work together to advocate for research and more hospital and community treatment programs. The love and support of family plays an important role in schizophrenia treatment and recovery. Family member has schizophrenia, can make a huge difference by helping that person find the right treatment, cope with symptoms, and navigate the long road to recovery. Family member has schizophrenia, they may be struggling with any number of difficult emotions, including fear, guilt, anger, frustration, and hopelessness. The illness may be difficult to accept or may feel helpless in the face of their loved one’s...

References: American Psychiatric Association (1994). Diagnostic and statistical manual of mental disorders: DSM-IV. Washington, DC: American Psychiatric Association. Retrieved from: http://www.psychone.net/post-traumatic-stress-disorder.php
DSM-IV Criteria for Schizophrenia and other Psychotic Disorders
Retrieved from: http://www.dmacc.edu/instructors/tkwilson2/AbSchizophreniaDSM.pdf
National Institute of Mental Health. Retrieved from: http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/schizophrenia/index.shtml
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