Analyzing Psychological Disorders: Schizophrenia

Topics: Schizophrenia Pages: 8 (1888 words) Published: September 19, 2015


Analyzing Psychological Disorders
Final Project
Malari Danielle Burch
Psy/240
Tami R Gannon
6/22/14

My name is Malari Danielle Burch, and I would like to first thank you for this opportunity with your company. I believe that my vast knowledge of the following subjects and more will prove to be a great fit for the position which I seek. I love the thought of being able to help others who are currently going through the same things that I myself have gone through in the past. I have included the assignments that you have asked me to complete. In this paper, I will be discussing schizophrenia, drug abuse, and insomnia.

Schizophrenia is a very serious mental disorder, if not one of the worst. This is one of the least misunderstood as well as one of the hardest to cope with. In my opinion Schizophrenia is similar to heavy drug use only without, of course, the heavy illegal drug use, The symptoms of both are often the same; paranoia, hallucinations, self-destructive behavior, and delusions are a few of the many things that a person suffering from Schizophrenia may have to deal with. Schizophrenia is not only hard on the patient but also on their friends and family.

Schizophrenia does not just affect one part of the brain but rather many parts. The main areas of the brain that it affects are the forebrain, hindbrain, and the limbic system. It is believed that Schizophrenia is caused by an overactive dopamine system in the brain (Brain Explorer, 2011). Dopamine is a chemical that is produced in the brain when we are experiencing certain pleasures. Drugs such as methamphetamine also cause the dopamine in our brain to fire off at a very high rate. The smaller parts of the brain that are believed to be affected by schizophrenia are the frontal lobe, cingulate gyrus, temporal lobe, the amygdala, hippocampus, the cerebellum, and the thalamus.

There are many symptoms associated with Schizophrenia. There are two different types of symptoms that are associated with this disorder. These types of symptoms are simply called positive symptoms and negative symptoms. Positive symptoms usually display an excess of normal function. Negative symptoms usually display a lack of normal function (Pinel, 2011). Some positive symptoms are hallucinations, delusions, and odd behavior. Hallucinations occur when a person suffering from Schizophrenia sees, hears, feels, or smells things that are not actually there. Hearing voices is the most common type of hallucination in people with Schizophrenia (NIHM 2014). These voices talk to the person, make the person do things that they would not normally do, or warn the person of danger. Delusions and hallucinations are often confused with each other. However, the difference is uncanny. Delusions are false beliefs that a person has that are often unrealistic, these thought are usually not based on any kind of factual information. An example of a delusion would be a person thinking that other people can control their thoughts against their will. A person with delusions will also sometimes think that the people that love them are actually trying to hurt them in some kind of way. Odd behaviors such as bad hygiene, difficulty performing everyday tasks, and catatonia are also positive symptoms of Schizophrenia. Catatonia is a state in which the person may become extremely hyper or be in a motionless state, quite often, in an awkward position. A few negative symptoms are the absence of emotional expression, reduction of speech, reduction of motivation, and the inability to experience pleasure.

There are no exact known causes for the development of Schizophrenia. However it is believed that genetic and environmental factors play a role in the development of the disorder. Schizophrenia usually runs in families, so a person with a family member that has been diagnosed with Schizophrenia is more likely to develop the disorder than others. Even though Schizophrenia can occur at any age...

References: Medications for Schizophrenia, National Institute of Mental Health, 2014 http://psychcentral.com/lib/medications-for-schizophrenia/000707, Retrieved 6/20/2014
http://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/publications/schizophrenia/index.shtml, 2014 Retrieved 6/19/2014
http://www.brainexplorer.org/schizophrenia/Schizophrenia_aetiology.shtml 2011 Retrieved 6/19/2014
http://umm.edu/health/medical/reports/articles/schizophrenia 2013 Retrieved 6/20/2014
http://www.dualdiagnosis.org/alcohol-addiction/nature-vs-nurture/ 2014 Retrieved 6/21/14
Biopsychology, Eighth Edition, by John P.J. Pinel. 2011 Retrieved 6/19/2014
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