"Psychological Trauma" Essays and Research Papers

Psychological Trauma

Definition of traumaTrauma is an individual’s response to an emotionally distressing and unexpected event which overwhelms their capacity to manage. It can be a single event or enduring activity, which completely overwhelms the individual’s ability to manage the emotions associated with the experience. Traumatic events shatter an individual’s assumptions of trust, and shake the basis of their beliefs about safety. •Research has clearly demonstrated the link between severe abuse and traumatic...

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Exploring Psychological Trauma and Its Affects

Exploring psychological trauma and its affects Eng. 220, Spring 2011 Psychological trauma is a type of damage to the psyche that occurs as a result of a traumatic event. In “Mending by Sallie Bingham”, the reader can find that the narrator has dealt with a trauma, and the pain that arises is a lot. Same situations occur with Pat Staten, and her father, as well as Jane Lazzare. In each of the short stories, the reader can find that the author or narrator has suffered with psychological trauma and the...

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Psychological Trauma and Andrea

Based on the case study, her diagnosis is as follows: 309.81 Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, With Dissociative Symptoms (F43.10) 300.82 Somatic Symptom Disorder V62.89 Victim of Crime (Z65.4) Rationale Hansell and Damour (2008) explain stress disorder trauma as an emotionally overcoming experience where either real or apparent likelihood of loss of life or grave injury to self or a significant other. The DSM (APA, 2013) explains that a client who experiences PTSD must face one or more of the following...

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Trauma, Psychological Exile, and Displacement Within the Things They Carried

O’Brien still faces an infinite obstacle in regards to trauma. Herman states that ‘The conflict between the will to deny horrible events and the will to proclaim them aloud is the central dialectic of psychological trauma.’ (Herman, 2) In effect the survivors of such ordeals retell their stories in a heavily distorted account due to emotional stress often controverting into a disjointed narrative. Yet it is not merely victims who suffer from trauma but witnesses to such events as maintaining a lucid...

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Childhood Trauma

workable definition of a traumatic experience is one that, by definition, produces demonstrable psychological sequelae. (Abikoff 1987) This may be the case, but as other commentators observe, some psychological sequelae may not surface for years, if at all. This does not mean that the original triggering episode was not traumatic. There is also the view that that the worst kind, or most extreme type of trauma may be the most likely to be actively suppressed at either a conscious or subconscious level...

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Sexual Trauma Study Notes

1. TRAUMA, SEXUAL TRAUMA & COUNSELLING 1.1 DEFINING STRESS, CRISES & TRAUMA Stress • A strain we feel at different times/in different situations • Set of external forces impinging on the person (unemployment, crime, etc) • Set of psychological & physiological reactions (racing heart, sweating palms etc) • Can be opportunity for growth - The spark that pushes us into action • The extent to which an individual experiences stress depends on the event, together with the individual’s personality...

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Childhood Trauma

Childhood Trauma Family violence is always disheartening. Childhood sexual abuse is by far the worse. There are many forms of childhood sexual abuse. The sexual abuse can involve seduction by a beloved relative or it can be a violent act committed by a stranger. Childhood sexual trauma causes psychological, interpersonal, and behavioral. This paper will show a first account of the impact of childhood trauma. Family History Jewel grew up in turmoil. She found out from...

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Psychological Debriefing: Pros and Cons

Psychological Debriefing: Pros and Cons Psychological debriefing (PD), is an intervention process in which trauma survivors are urged to recount and relive the incident in order to avoid long-term consequences and traumatic stress responses (Halgin, 2009, p. 59). The method used in this process is Critical Incident Stress Debriefing (CISD) and more recently, Critical Incident Stress Management (CISM). However, there are those who oppose the use of psychological debriefing, stating that...

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Trauma Theory and Process

 Trauma Theory and Process Paul Gendreau New England College Abstract This paper will review trauma-related events, theory and process and the impact this has upon stabilization, treatment and planning for care. This form of counseling must be developmentally and culturally appropriate as well as individualized. Effective intervention can prevent post-traumatic stress syndrome and assist normal mourning processes associated with any losses experienced. These prevention...

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Rape Trauma Syndrome

Rape Trauma Syndrome Forensic Psychology 44.343.201 By: Hannah Elliott October 14th 2012 There are plenty of television shows and cases on the news that show or talk about rape victims, but it doesn’t impact us as much as it should. Do you know the mental or emotional trauma that these victims go through after they have become a rape victim? Rape is one of the harshest forms of criminal violence against another human being. The victim is rendered powerless by physical force, threats,...

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Living through the trauma

 Living Through the Trauma Post-traumatic Stress Disorder and its most efficacious treatments Eva Garritsen 4030974 Introduction to Psychology 04-12-2013 Words: 2312 Introduction A traumatic experience is able to leave behind an intense impression on the brain. Our brain is luckily sufficient enough to digest certain traumas. When people experience something terrible, the brain starts to process. At the beginning the experience is still very upsetting, nevertheless, in process...

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Ptsd and Childhood Trauma

PTSD and Childhood Trauma By Bob Murray, PhD Over the years my wife, and fellow therapist, Alicia Fortinberry, and I have treated many people who were suffering from what is called post traumatic stress disorder or PTSD including a number of Vietnam veterans. In talking to the vets I noticed that a pattern was developing which caused me to widen my enquiries to veterans who went through the same experiences in Asia, but who did not have the symptoms of PTSD. I have not had the time to do a formal...

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Critical Issue on Psychological Debriefing

Critical Issue on Psychological Debriefing Two facts presented by Mitchell of the critical issue (Mitchell, 1983). • The CISD protocol that Mitchell described was a group process of seven distinct phases. Prior to this Mitchell used a six-stage model (Mitchell, 1983). • The Society working party on psychological debriefing was given the aim of evaluating the available information and opinions and producing a clear statement on the status of psychological debriefing (Mitchell, 1983) Two facts...

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A Psychiatrist’s View of Trauma

 A Psychiatrist’s View of Trauma Q1: What is this article about and why do you think he wants us to read it? This article is about an 88 years old woman, who lost her second husband after four and half years. She must also heal from the traumatic memory of her first husband’s death, 60 years before, which was surfacing again in the context of Dr. Epstein’s father’s death. This is a great article about feeling the loss of a loved one and trying to get over it. Dr. Epstein wants to...

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Psychological Analysis of "The Butterfly Effect"

Perno Hao Lam November 20, 2012 Abstract This paper revolves around the four main psychological aspects of the 2004 movie The Butterfly Effect which are memory retrieval in Evan, trauma in the characters, depression, and Evan's therapy. In memory we will look through the protagonist's, Evan, past and how he represses his memory and retrieves them back as adult. In trauma we will look at the different events Evan's friend Lenny experiences and how it affects his life and gives...

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A Critical Reflection on Information Processing Theories of Trauma Response

processing have been the most influential theories of trauma in terms of generating testable hypotheses and directing current treatments (Salmon & Bryant, 2002). For this reason, we will attempt to critically evaluate this area of trauma theory with reference to other popular theories, the research evidence, clinical practice and developmental factors. Information Processing Theories of Trauma Response Information-processing models relating to trauma are based on Lang’s (1977) suggested that emotions...

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Trauma in Law Enforcement

Trauma in Law Enforcement ABSTRACT All police officers experience a critical incident at one point in their careers. Each person handles the stress from these situations differently. For some officers, the traumatic incident causes minimal disruption in their daily routine and is considered nothing short of an unfortunate situation they have gained valuable knowledge from. For many others, however, the stress of these events becomes debilitating and intervention is necessary. This paper researched...

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The Effects of Trauma on Clients and Mental Health Counselors

victims of trauma or is exposed to graphic pictures or text of trauma, can experience the effects of secondary or vicarious trauma. Vicarious trauma (VT) will affect thinking, while secondary traumatic stress (STS), or compassion fatigue, affects feelings and behavior of the counselor. The purpose of this paper is to discuss man-made or natural disasters as well as personal trauma, and the counselor’s role in these situations. Skills to help the counselor deal with the effects of vicarious trauma will...

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trauma in children and adolescents

According to the Oxford dictionary, trauma is a mental condition caused by severe shock, especially when the harmful effects last for a long period of time. Trauma brings with it negative feelings like anxiety and worry. There are two types of trauma, simple or acute trauma and complex or chronic trauma. Acute traumatic events offer at a particular place and time and are usually short-lived. Examples include a road carnage, terrorist attack, loss of a loved one, or a gang-related violence in the...

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The Effects of Trauma on Clients and Counselors

Effects of Trauma on Clients and Counselors Walden University The Effects of Trauma on Clients and Counselors Some disasters make headlines, such as earthquakes or tornados, but many tragedies can hit close to home in the form of a fire burning an individual’s livelihood and belongings and car accidents (Shallcross, 2012). In the extent of things, these disasters are just as important to those involved as larger, more newsworthy tragedies (Shallcross, 2012). Two Examples of Trauma-Causing Events ...

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Psychological and Scholastic Effects in Adolescent Victims of Ethnic Cleansing

Abstract The psychological and scholastic effects in adolescent victims of ethnic cleansing will be explored longitudinally over a period of 10 years. Twenty adolescent refugees between the ages of 5 and 18 who experienced a mass genocide, will be recruited to participate. Participants will be given the Diagnostic Interview for Children and Adolescents (DISC); (Shaffer, Fisher, Lucas, Dulcan, & Shwab-Stone, 2000), and the Beck Depression Inventory (BDI); (Groth-Marnat, 1990). Adolescents who show...

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Psychological Challenges When There Is a Significant Loss of Life

Abstract This paper deals with “Psychological challenges when there is a significant loss of life.” In the event of significant loss of life, whether in your company or family during any tragedy there will be complaints and issues that prevail. If you are not properly trained or properly trained it is essential to look outside the box on the unexplained complaints for an underlying condition that is dormant within the mind. This could range from undetected anxiety, undetected depression, and post-traumatic...

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Natural Disasters, Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Individual, Psychological and Social Impacts

Natural disasters, Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic stress disorder: Individual, Psychological and Social Impacts Natural disasters, Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic stress disorder: Individual, Psychological and Social Impacts Introduction Disasters characteristically occur quickly leaving behind comprehensive physiological and psychological impairment (Fullerton, Robert, & Wang, 2004). Natural disasters specifically are defined by the world health organization (1980)...

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Psychological Disorder Analysis

PSYCHOLOGICAL DISORDER ANALYSIS Psychological Disorder Analysis Your Name Your School Marla, a 42-year-old Hispanic female, came to the mental health clinic expressing complaints of feeling “jumpy” all the time, having trouble sleeping, and is experiencing problems with concentration. Marla states these symptoms are beginning to cause problems for her at her job. The limited information provided makes it difficult to analyze Marla’s disorder. However, the symptoms suggest that Marla...

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Maus and the Psychological Effects of the Holocaust

Maus and the Psychological Effects of the Holocaust The Maus books are award-winning comics written by Art Spiegelman. They are the non-fictional stories of Art and his father, Vladek. In the book, Art Spiegelman is a writer, planning to portray Vladek’s life as a Jewish man during WWII Europe in comic book form. While Art gathers information for his story through visits to his father’s house, much is learned about their relationship and individual personalities. Through this analysis, Maus becomes...

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Psychological Disorder Analysis

Psychological Disorders Analysis UOPX PSY/270 February 2, 2013 Instructor: Renee Green The world of abnormal psychology is filled with many different types of disorders, symptoms, and treatment options. Today, I will be working with Roger, a middle-aged accountant living in San Francisco, California who experienced a car wreck a few months ago. He has been experiencing shakiness, breathlessness, heat flashes, and nightmares. He has been trying to cope with the symptoms that he is experiencing...

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Psychological Disorder Paper

Psychological Disorder Paper Marvin Arnold University of Phoenix PSY/450 Shally Vaid February 28, 2011 Post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) is an anxiety disorder that is caused by a traumatic event. PTSD can be developed when an individual experience, or observe an event that caused intense fear, helplessness and horror (Mayo Clinic, n.d.). Post-traumatic stress disorder has identifiable symptoms, specific therapeutic interventions, and affects all segments of the population. PTSD is...

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Trauma- Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: an Effective Treatment Modality for Children and Adolescents Who Have Experienced Traumatic Incidents

Trauma- Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy: An Effective treatment modality for children and Adolescents who have experienced traumatic incidents * What is TF-CBT and What is it Best Suited for: Trauma Focused Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (TF-CBT) was developed by psychologists J.A. Cohen and, Mannarino, Knudset and Sharon. TF-CBT has been developed for those who have experienced psychological trauma, often on a great scale of magnitude. It is important to define trauma; “There are...

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How to Overcome Childhood Traumas

How to Overcome Childhood Traumas “Pain is inevitable. Suffering is optional,” is a Buddhist proverb. Everyone has had pain in their childhood. The pain can be as diminutive as finding out that Santa Claus and the Tooth Fairy are a sham, or it can be as immense as being abandoned and abused by someone. Trauma can leave mental, physical, and emotional scars that last a life time. As you transition from childhood to adulthood, letting your past skeletons haunt you will hold back and keep you in self...

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Psychological Disorder Analysis

Final Project: Psychological Disorder Analysis PSY/270 December 2, 2012 Miles Castle Marla is a 42 year old Hispanic female accountant, that has complaints of trouble sleeping, feeling jumpy all the time, and unable to concentrate. With these symptoms it is causing her issues at work. There are several disorders that Marla could be suffering from but, it seems to be that one stands out from the rest. Post-Traumatic Disorder also known as PTSD, this is caused when a person experiences something...

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Psychological Effects in Woman Sexually Abused as a Child

Psychological Effects in Woman Sexually Abused As a Child One single devastating act of sexual abuse can severely disrupt the mental health in a woman’s life. Additionally the impact can be severe enough to cause psychological damage that develops into mental illness. Most people are uneducated about psychological damage that sexual abuse, as a child can have on a woman. With gaps in my own understanding, I welcome wisdom to shed some light in a dark area. There are no predetermined feelings...

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Disasters, Crises, and Trauma-causing events

Disasters, Crises, and Trauma-causing events Recently, many crises have occurred and it is difficult to choose among them but I will focus on the recent flooding in Colorado and the sudden death of a loved one by gun violence. The effects of these events will be different on the survivors, first- responders ,and the therapists who help them heal. I went to school at University of Colorado in Boulder, so I have a strong affinity for the area and people. The severe flooding in Boulder...

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Psychological Disorder Analysis

Psychological Disorder Analysis October 30, 2011 PSY/270 Marla is a 42-year-old Hispanic female who comes to the mental health clinic complaining of having trouble sleeping, feeling “jumpy all of the time,” and experiencing an inability to concentrate. These symptoms cause problems for her at work, where she is an accountant. As a psychiatrist I would need to diagnose Marla with the proper disorder, explain information about the diagnosis, and discuss possible treatments with her. It would...

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Psychological Theories of Delinquency

Psychological Theories of Delinquency In his article, Kelley discusses the Psychology of Mind theory, or POM, which was created using the work of Banks (1983, 1989); Mills (1990); Mills & Pransky (1993); Suarez (1985); Suarez & Mills (1982); and Suarez, Mills, & Stewart (1987), which focuses strongly on original or unconditioned though, which is a though process that takes into account principles and reasoning that is automatic through common sense and positive thought. As well as reactive thought...

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Play Therapy for Children Coping with Sexual Abuse Trauma

 Play Therapy for Children Coping with Sexual Abuse Trauma Lindsay Olson, 500381867 Audrey Huberman CLD 444: Art Therapies for Young Children Tuesday, February 24, 2015 Abstract This paper reviews literature focusing on child sexual abuse victims and the use of Play Therapy. It outlines the benefits of including parents in the therapeutic interventions and play therapy sessions with their child. It touches on the different theoretical perspectives of Play Theory and highlights...

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Childhood Trauma and the Impact of Adulthood

Terr (January, 1999) states, "Childhood trauma appears to be a critical etiological factor in the development of a number of serious disorders both in childhood and in adulthood." To better understand childhood trauma, Terr defines this as, the "mental result of one sudden, external or a series of blows, rendering the young person temporarily helpless and breaking past ordinary coping and defense operations" (January, 1999). The statistics of childhood trauma is alarming. In the United States, there...

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Compare and contrast CBT and psychodynamic approaches to counselling focusing particularly on trauma and PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder): Theory and therapy.

focusing particularly on trauma and PTSD (post traumatic stress disorder): Theory and therapy. When working with clients in today’s society it’s extremely important to take into consideration the specific needs of each individual. Serious contemplation is given to the approaches and methods regarding the client’s need and presenting matters. Trauma appears in many forms in society, even from the 1960’s due to the impact on returning soldiers from war. Since this, trauma has been categorised and...

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Trauma Informed Paper Based on Judith Hermans Book

Trauma Informed Practice Trauma and recovery are critical issues in social work and in working with clients. Judith Herman (1997) discusses the importance of working with trauma and recovery and how violence can alter and affect client situations. Recovery involves utilization of trauma informed care to help the client recover from their trauma and requires copious effort on the part of the therapist and the client. Integration of Trauma Informed Care Trauma informed care becomes essential...

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Psychological Anaylsis of the Virgin Suicides

would be a textbook definition of obsession with the Lisbon girls. They are more than just teenage boys being obsessed with teenage girls. In their case, this is not just a normal obsession like society thinks of today, but something much more psychological than that. This obsession is more of a disorder. By the words of Alex Lickerman obsession is “a giant tidal wave that crashes through our minds and washes away all other concerns.” In an article from Psych Central symptoms of an obsession disorder...

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Review of treatment options for PTSD

and even civilians to discuss about the treatments for PTSD. What treatment works and which do not? Which is more effective psychological or pharmaceutical? The purpose of this essay was to choose a mental disorder and provide a review of treatment approaches. In this essay, I will evaluate the efficacy of various treatments for the disorder and I will talk about psychological treatments, pharmaceutical treatment, New Zealand literature (if there is any) and the long-term efficacy of treatment. ...

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Psychological, Physical and Mental Burdens of the Troops in "The Things They Carried"

the lives of the soldiers by using his own experiences as knowledge. In his short story “The Things They Carried” he skillfully reveals realistic scenes that portray psychological, physical and mental burdens carried by every soldier. He illustrates these burdens by discussing the weights that the soldiers carry, their psychological stress and the mental stress they have to undergo as each of them endure the harshness and ambiguity of the Vietnam War. One question we have to ask ourselves is if the...

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Psy270 Appendix D

Axia College Material Appendix D Psychological and Psychophysiological Stress Disorders Respond to the following: 1. Stress can be the root cause of psychological disorders. Name four symptoms shared by acute and posttraumatic stress disorders. a) Nightmares, or even re-experiencing events that had occurred through flashbacks b) Avoiding situations that the person perceives as traumatic c) Feeling alone and less responsiveness to what was once...

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Social Injustice and Stigma Regarding the Diagnosis and Compensation

needed health services for them. Research PTSD is currently a diagnostic category under the DSM IV-Revised (APA, 2000), which involves three symptom-based criteria: intrusive reexperiencing (unwanted trauma memories, reminders, and flashbacks), avoidance of reminders of past trauma and emotional numbing, and hyperarousal and hypervigilance as a result of experiencing witnessing, or being confronted with an event or events that involved actual or threatened death or serious injury, or threat...

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Psy/270 Appendix E

University of Phoenix Material Appendix D Psychological and Psychophysiological Stress Disorders Respond to the following: 1. Stress can be the root cause of psychological disorders. Name four symptoms shared by acute and posttraumatic stress disorders. a. Re-experiencing the traumatic event b. Avoidance c. Reduced responsiveness d. Increased arousal, anxiety, and guilt 2. What life events are most likely to trigger a stress disorder...

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Psychopathology - Ptsd

cultural influences impacting on PTSD, the nature of traumatic events and how this differs for war veterans and children exposed to violence. Finally, I will explore the difficulties in differentiating PTSD and other pre-morbid and co-morbid psychological disorders. The Nature of Anxiety Epstein (cited in Dobson, 1985, p. 308) noted that “anxiety may eventuate from the perception of threat; threats to future happiness, threats to self-esteem, and threats to the individual’s ability to make sense...

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Post traumatic Stress Disorder in the United States

prevalence of 30%, revealing increased prevalence among those consistently exposed to trauma, such as in combat. Former prisoners of war have an even higher prevalence, with an estimated 60% suffering from PTSD4. Furthermore, those who suffered kidnapping or torture acquire PTSD in 50.8% of cases5. In addition, studies show that delayed-onset PTSD, characterized by symptoms that arise over 6 months after exposure to trauma, is increasingly frequent among retired war veterans6. Due to its relatively recent...

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There are several psychological factors that contribute to the development and maintenance of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). These factors interfere with the emotional processing of the traumatic event (Edwards D. , 2005). These factors include painful emotions, which leads to avoidance which thus maintains the PTSD (Edwards D. , 2005). Therefore the analysis of these maintaining factors provides the basis for current approaches to treatment and intervention which will support the individuals...

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Cognitive Perspective on Cause of Depression

. Cognitive Perspective on the Cause of Depression Jasmine Elyse Fore Developing a Psychological Perspective Persuasive Paper Capella University June, 2013 Depression is a common mental health disorder, according to the Centers for Disease Control (2011) depression affects 1 in 10 Americans in the U.S. alone. Depression does not know race, ethnicity, age or gender. “The cognitive perspective on the cause of depression believes that depression can be caused by faulty thinking, low-self-esteem...

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Ptsd Health Promotion

The soldier often will feel guilty which makes it difficult for them to adjust back into civilian life. Not knowing how to reunite with friends and family often lead to sever depression and suicide. An incident that may remind the soldier or their trauma can send them into a sever panic attack which may take days or weeks to recover from. It is said a soldier with PTSD is never truly home, there are always demons around every corner. The military teaches our soldiers how to fight, how to kill and...

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Comprehensive Understanding of Individual Treatment in the Group Process: Ptsd in Focus

friend, was killed by an improvised explosive device 20ft from his location during a routine patrol. Upon his return to the states three months later Joe underwent a debriefing and post-deployment program. This program included a standardized psychological screening. This screening has been modified in recent years in an effort to mitigate the overwhelming increase in cases of PTSD and soldier suicides (Shalev, Rogel, Ursano). After a brief series of questions it was determined that he showed some...

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Crisis Management

days/weeks following, and in prevention. The Psychological First Aid approach which was developed by the National Center for PTSD to help children, adolescents, adults, and families in the immediate aftermath of disaster and terrorism should also be included in the crisis management plan. It is “designed to reduce the initial distress caused by traumatic events and to foster short-and long-term adaptive functioning and coping” (NCTSN, 2006). The Psychological First Aid for school aged children should...

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Diagnostic Report

uncle and cousins. She studied Computer Science in New York City and won a scholarship for her academic achievements. Psychological symptoms are deviations of what are considered as normal and indicates the mental or physical disorder to the person. They should be in a recognized pattern in order to decide if a person has symptoms for a certain condition. A psychological diagnosis is the identification and labeling of a disease based on its signs and symptoms. Sadie indicated that she lost interest...

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Critical Analysis

Hannah Lucia Inkin - 11430532 ‘Trauma and recovery in Virginia Woolf’s Mrs Dalloway’ by Karen DeMeester 'Trauma and Recovery in Virginia Woolf's Mrs Dalloway' by Karen DeMeester explores the characterisation of Septimus Smith in Virginia Woolf's Mrs Dalloway by highlighting not only the psychological detriments suffered by victims of relentless ordeals such as war but also the need for them to give value to their injuries in order for them to successfully recover. The article presents many supporting...

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What is the efficacy of integration on adults with dissociative identity disorder?

(International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation, 2011; Baars, Van der Hart, Nijenhuis, Chu, Glas, and Draijer, 2011; Brand, Classen, Lanins, Loewenstein, McNary, Pain, and Putnam, 2009). Being uniquely susceptible to hypnosis due the state of altered consciousness (Lemke, 2007) utilizing imagery techniques to foster integration resulted in highly responsiveness during the intervention stage of treatment (International Society for the Study of Trauma and Dissociation, 2011). In recent...

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EN1320 Unit 6 Research Paper Part 2 Research Paper First Draft

DOMESTIC VIOLENCE By October 18, 2014 Introduction According to, Bureau of Justice Statistics (BJS) children exposed to domestic violence experience trauma as a result. Their statistical data from 2003 to 2012, which consists of computerized records of domestic violence, show that trauma is a byproduct when children witness domestic violence. Interventions and outcomes are examined to account for existing models for children who witness domestic violence. It is estimated...

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Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder Construct Development

An evaluator would need to use a combination of observation, ‘checklist’ type tests, and a psychological evaluation including extensive background information based on the event that is supposed to have caused the PTSD. The testing criteria would need to include a construct that could weed out other possible causes for the distress that could dismiss PTSD as the cause of distress like current abuse trauma. PTSD is, more or less, defined as an unrealistic continual fear or a ‘re-living’ of a traumatic...

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Coun5004 Week 1 Discussions

different groups and get to know more counselors, my chances of obtaining my practicum and internship agency may be better. Deciding on the counseling specialization was easy for me. My desire has always been to help individuals who suffer from sexual trauma. From personal experience, I understand the problems associated with being victimized. I have always desired to help those who suffer from sexual assault or abuses understand what they experienced, why, and how it has affected their life. I did consider...

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Critical Issue Analysis

After reading the selected critical issue, use the following questions to analyze the issue. Issue 3 – Is Psychological Debriefing a Harmful Intervention for Survivors of Trauma? 1. What are at least two facts presented by each side of the critical issue? Devilly & Cotton who represent the con side of the agreement present many different facts. Two that stand out is: that psychological debriefing “. . . more of a “moral maintenance” intervention qua gesture of employer support, rather than a...

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The Qualities of Happiness

happiness. Some may find happiness in material things like money, cars, and clothes while others may find happiness in relationships with family or God, but do these things constitute true happiness? In the article “Psychological Trauma, PTSD, Resilience, and Coping,” psychological researchers Girdand, Dusek, and Everly examined how people’s mental state and resilience is what really affects ones overall happiness and wellness. Also, a study done with a group of college students concludes how happier...

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General Psychology

Bautista III, Romeo J. June 30, 2012 BSHRM General Psychology TOPIC: Trauma Trauma is an emotional response to a terrible event like an accident, rape or natural disaster. Immediately after the event, shock and denial are typical. Longer term reactions include unpredictable emotions, flashbacks, strained relationships and even physical symptoms like headaches or nausea. While these feelings are normal, some people have difficulty moving on with their lives. Psychologists can...

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