Informed Consent in Industrial/Psychological Research
July 31, 2011
Foundations of Industrial/Organizational Psychology
There are certain conditions where reasonable exceptions that APA ethical standards and federal guidelines insure in research that human participation will be ethical due to informed consent. In federal guidelines the preferred mechanism is informed consent in order to protect the human participants (APA, 1992).
Informed consent is when an individual gives permission to participate in future events after receiving instruction about the events they may wish to be a part of. Informed consent is put in place to prevent lawsuits. Obtaining consent is similar in all circumstances (Jones, 2011). In order to be considered valid, informed consent must be given voluntarily from a participant that is competent (Cherry, 2011).
When is Informed Consent Required?
In order to arrive at a better understanding of the subject matter, research is necessary. When conducting research and using human participants, the need to know whether informed consent is necessary is vital. To err on the side of safety, always obtain informed consent in any research situation if you have any doubts as to the necessity (Cherry, 2011).
Require and acquire informed consent if:
1). Participants answer questions in their native language. Determine what data is needed, true/false or multiple choice questions, or surveys and whether or not this material can provide needed data. 2). When using a small group of participants, but determine ahead of time how many participants you will need. 3). When using identifying information or questions answered regarding sensitive or controversial language from your participants, also make the decision whether you can allow the participants to remain anonymous (Cherry, 2011).
Exceptions to Informed Consent
There are very limited conditions where both...
References: American Psychological Association. Committee for the Protection of Human Participants in Research. (1992). Ethical Principles. American Psychologist, 47.
Cherry, K. (2011). What is Informed Consent? Retrieved from http://psychology.about.com/od/iindex/g/def_informedcon.htm on July 31, 2011.
Federal Register. (1991). Protection of human subjects: Title 45, Code of Federal Regulations, Part 46, Vol. 56 Number 28003. June 18.
Federal Register (1997). Protection of human subjects: Suggested revisions to the Institutional Review Board (IRB) expedited review list. Vol. 62. Number 217. 60607, November 10, pp. 1-8
Ilgen, D.R. & Bell, B.S. (2001). Conducting Industrial and Organizational Psychological Research: Institutional Review of Research in Work Organizations. Ethics and Behavior, 11, 395-412.
Jones, A. (2011). How to obtain consent. Retrieved from www.ehow.com/how_7789509_obtain_informed-consent.html on July 31, 2011.
Psychological Sciences. (1999). Information for contributors, 10, inside back cover of each issue.
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