indian independence movement

Topics: Indian independence movement, British Raj, India, Indian National Congress / Pages: 46 (11328 words) / Published: Jan 29th, 2014
Indian independence movement
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Colonial India
British Indian Empire
Imperial entities of India
Dutch India 1605–1825
Danish India 1620–1869
French India 1769–1954
Portuguese India
Casa da Índia 1434–1833
Portuguese East India Company 1628–1633
British India
East India Company 1612–1757
Company rule in India 1757–1858
British Raj 1858–1947
British rule in Burma 1824–1948
Princely states 1721–1949
Partition of India
v t e
The term Indian independence movement encompasses a wide range of areas like political organizations, philosophies and movements which had the common aim of ending the company rule (East India Company), and then British imperial authority, in parts of South Asia. The independence movement saw various national and regional campaigns, agitations and efforts, some nonviolent and others not so.
The first organised militant movements were in Bengal, but they later took to the political stage in the form of a mainstream movement in the then newly formed Indian National Congress (INC), with prominent moderate leaders seeking only their basic right to appear for Indian Civil Service examinations, as well as more rights, economic in nature, for the people of the soil. The early part of the 20th century saw a more radical approach towards political independence proposed by leaders such as the Lal, Bal, Pal, Aurobindo Ghosh and V. O. Chidambaram Pillai.
The last stages of the freedom struggle from the 1920s onwards saw Congress adopt Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi 's policy of nonviolence and civil resistance, Muhammad Ali Jinnah 's constitutional struggle for the rights of minorities in India, and several other campaigns. Revolutionaries such as Subhas Chandra Bose and Bhagat Singh preached armed revolution to achieve independence. Poets such as Rabindranath Tagore and Kazi Nazrul Islam used literature, poetry and speech as a tool for political awareness. Feminists such as

References: Jump up ^ "Official, India". World Digital Library. 1890-1923. Retrieved 2013-05-30. Jump up ^ John R. McLane, "The Decision to Partition Bengal in 1905," Indian Economic and Social History Review, July 1965, 2#3, pp 221–237 Jump up ^ Jalal, Ayesha (1994) The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan Jump up ^ Lawrence James, Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India (2000) pp 439–518 Jump up ^ James, Raj: The Making and Unmaking of British India (2000) pp 459–60, 519–20 Jump up ^ Denis Judd, Empire: The British Imperial Experience From 1765 To The Present (pp 226-411998) Jump up ^ Nigel Collett, The Butcher of Amritsar: General Reginald Dyer (2006) Jump up ^ Nick Lloyd, The Amritsar Massacre: The Untold Story of One Fateful Day (2011) Jump up ^ Derek Sayer, "British Reaction to the Amritsar Massacre 1919–1920," Past & Present, May 1991, Issue 131, pp 130–164 Jump up ^ Sanjay Paswan and Pramanshi Jaideva, Encyclopaedia of Dalits in India (2003) p. 43 ^ Jump up to: a b Fraser 1977, p Jump up ^ Khaksar Tehrik Ki Jiddo Juhad Volume 1. Author Khaksar Sher Zaman Jump up ^ Roy, Kaushik, "Military Loyalty in the Colonial Context: A Case Study of the Indian Army during World War II," Journal of Military History (2009) 73#2 pp 144–172 Jump up ^ Edwardes, Michael, The Last Years of British India, Cleveland, World Pub. Co., 1964, p. 93. Jump up ^ "RIN mutiny gave a jolt to the British" by Dhanjaya Bhat, The Tribune, 12 February 2006, retrieved 17 July 2006 Jump up ^ Majumdar, R.C., Three Phases of India 's Struggle for Freedom, Bombay, Bharatiya Vidya Bhavan, 1967, pp Jump up ^ R.C. Majumdar. History of the Freedom Movement in India. ISBN 0-8364-2376-3, reprint. Calcutta, Firma KLM, 1997, vol. III. Jump up ^ James L. Raj; Making and unmaking of British India. Abacus. 1997. p571, p598 and; Unpublished, Public Relations Office, London. War Office. 208/819A 25C Jump up ^ Nelson, Dean (7 July 2010) Jalal, Ayesha. The Sole Spokesman: Jinnah, the Muslim League and the Demand for Pakistan (Cambridge South Asian Studies) (1994) Majumdar, R.C Gandhi, Mohandas (1993). An Autobiography: The Story of My Experiments With Truth. Boston: Beacon Press. ISBN 0-8070-5909-9. Sofri, Gianni (1995–1999). Gandhi and India: A Century in Focus. Janet Sethre Paxia (translator) (English edition translated from the Italian ed.). Gloucestershire: The Windrush Press. ISBN 1-900624-12-5. Gonsalves, Peter. Khadi: Gandhi 's Mega Symbol of Subversion, (Sage Publications), (2012) Gopal, Sarvepalli Seal, Anil (1968). Emergence of Indian Nationalism: Competition and Collaboration in the Later Nineteenth Century. London: Cambridge U.P. ISBN 0-521-06274-8. Singh, Jaswant. Jinnah: India, Partition, Independence (2010) Chandra, Bipan; Mridula Mukherjee, Aditya Mukherjee, Sucheta Mahajan, K.N Heehs, Peter (1998). India 's Freedom Struggle: A Short History. Delhi: Oxford University Press. p. 199. ISBN 978-0-19-562798-5. Sarkar, Sumit (1983). Modern India: 1885–1947. Madras: Macmillan. p. 486. ISBN 0-333-90425-7. Wolpert, Stanley A. Jinnah of Pakistan (2005) Wolpert, Stanley A

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • Indian Independence Movement
  • Indian Independence Movement
  • Indian Independence Movement
  • Indian Independence Movement
  • The Indian Independence Movement
  • Indian Independence Movement and India
  • Indian Independence Movement and Gandhi
  • Indian Independence Movement and India
  • Indian Independence Movement and Goa Liberation Movement
  • Indian Independence Movement and Red Fort