IOSR Journal of Humanities and Social Science (JHSS)
ISSN: 2279-0837, ISBN: 2279-0845. Volume 2, Issue 3 (Sep-Oct. 2012), PP 06-10 www.iosrjournals.org
Indo-Pak Relations: New Trends and Challenges
Abstract: British India was divided into India and Pakistan in 1947 as a part of the decolonization process. But geographically, historically and culturally no other two states have so much common as these two states. Unfortunately both stats never became good friends and always engaged in conflicts and disputes. The greatest tragedy was that the deciding feature of this division was religion. Today, more than sixty five years after independence, the common people as well as the elite of India and Pakistan are concerning towards establishing condition for permanent peace. It is no secret now that India and Pakistan are nuclear capable powers. So, it is in India’s interest that democracy succeeds in Pakistan so that the dividend of ‘Democratic Peace’ can be harvested in South Asia. Because improving relations of both the nations is very important for sustaining peace in South Asia. Yet, the Indian Strategy has not been able to translate the intent into reality. The aim of this paper is to know about the new trends, challenges and future prospects for sustaining peace. Despite all this, it was convinced that we were on the wrong track as far as neighborhood management was concerned. We needed a new approach to convert the traditional confrontation and conflict approach to one of cooperation and convergence. If there is cooperation between India and Pakistan and not conflict, vast opportunities will open up for trade, travel and development that will create prosperity in both nations. Key Words: Decolonization, Democratic Peace.
British India was divided into India and Pakistan in 1947 as a part of the decolonization process. The eastern wing of Pakistan emerged as the new nation called Bangladesh in 1971. It was not first time that the world had witnessed the creation of new nation states and boundaries by the victors of wars or imperial forces. The creation of Lebanon, Northern Ireland, Israel and various nations in Africa are example of this strategy. But geographically, historically and culturally no other two states have so much common as these two states. But it is strange that despite these similarity relations between these two states not so much smooth and peaceful. Roots of this kind of relationship between India-Pakistan can be seen in the colonial history of Indian subcontinent. British colonial rules established a tradition by the partition of this subcontinent that creates a chain of struggles, disputes and instability in the region.
Unfortunately India and Pakistan never became good friends and always engaged in conflicts and disputes. There is a fair amount of scholarly agreement that partition occurred not because of Hindus and Muslim could not live together, but because the elite of the two communities could not agree to power sharing. The greatest tragedy was that the deciding feature of this division was religion. Today, more than sixty five years after independence, the common people as well as the elite of India and Pakistan are concerning towards establishing condition for permanent peace. But unfortunately the situation is not so much better for India and Pakistan which it should be but the power of the old mindset is declining and the momentum for peace is growing.
Now the world entered in the twenty first century. In this century relations between two countries represent policies of two countries. Nations does not exist in vacuum, they exist in a particular environment and have to adopt it, like any other organism. The making of foreign policy depends on various issues such as external threat, geographical location, strategic significance political aspirations, economic requirements, ideology, and personality of the statesmen and over all...
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