Improving Mental Health through Empowerment: A Group Counseling Goal for Women

Topics: Psychology, Cognitive behavioral therapy, Wilfred Bion Pages: 9 (5323 words) Published: October 31, 2014

Improving Mental Health through Empowerment:
A Group Counseling Goal for Women
Capella University
Table of Contents
TOC \o "1-5" \u Background and Justification for the Group PAGEREF _Toc182735939 \h 1 Objectives PAGEREF _Toc182735940 \h 2
Desired Outcome Goals PAGEREF _Toc182735941 \h 2
Review of Literature PAGEREF _Toc182735942 \h 3
Introduction PAGEREF _Toc182735943 \h 3
Using the Group Approach to Improve Mental Health PAGEREF _Toc182735944 \h 3 Research on Empowerment Using a Group Approach PAGEREF _Toc182735945 \h 6 Theoretical Approach PAGEREF _Toc182735946 \h 9

Ethical Practice PAGEREF _Toc182735947 \h 11
Group Organization PAGEREF _Toc182735948 \h 12
Member Screening PAGEREF _Toc182735949 \h 12
Consent Form PAGEREF _Toc182735950 \h 13
Location and Other Considerations PAGEREF _Toc182735951 \h 13 Group Sessions and Activities PAGEREF _Toc182735952 \h 14
Evaluating the Group PAGEREF _Toc182735953 \h 16
Leadership Development PAGEREF _Toc182735954 \h 17
References PAGEREF _Toc182735955 \h 19

Background and Justification for the Group
The group to be considered in this project is that of a counseling group because the writer is a mental health-counseling learner. The focus of this proposal is improving the mental health of women by reducing depression and increasing empowerment. Group treatment sheds light on many problems that do not surface under individual therapy, especially attitudes toward social customs, ideals, ideologies, and body concepts. Each group participant will be asked to answer a questionnaire at the start of the program and to write a short autobiography. These procedures will provide material to be used in stimulating discussion and in guiding the therapist’s interpretation. According to Laitinen and Ettorre (2004), major depression is the most serious mental health problem for women throughout the world. Lara and her coworkers (2004) confirm this problem among women. They note that women suffer from depression twice as much as men and that it is a leading cause of disability on a worldwide basis. Thus, women will be selected for the group therapy because stress, depression and empowerment problems appear to be more prevalent within this group (Hammen, 2003). The project involves a guided self-help group using the non-directive approach and employing a behavioral and cognitive orientation as the therapeutic intervention. The effect of group participation on reducing depressed feelings and gaining feelings of empowerment will be evaluated at the end of the nine sessions that will comprise the program. A survey questionnaire will be administered before and after the group program to evaluate changes. The question to be answered will be whether or not there will be significant changes in individual and social feelings after program participation. Objectives

The objectives for the group - operationalized so that they can be measured and evaluated to build accountability into the group process - may be stated as follows: To reduce depression and feelings of powerlessness by 50% among group members through group-based therapy using therapeutic enactment which engages clients in interpersonal and action-oriented processes, as measured by survey questionnaire administration pre and post-testing. To determine the effects of a nine session group therapy program on ten depressed women’s’ ability to overcome hopelessness and powerlessness through group intervention, showing a 50% improvement from the start to the finish of the program, as measured by survey questionnaire administration pre and post-testing. To determine if four self-help exercises enabled group members to learn how to manage their depression and improve their self-esteem and negative thinking by 50%, as determined through survey administration pre and post-testing. Desired Outcome Goals

Process outcome goals refer to the choice of approaches and strategies used in the program to meet the group’s needs. Desired...

References: ishop, P., Clilverd, A., Cooklin, A., & Hunt, U. (2002). Mental health matters: A multi-family framework for mental health interventions. The Association for Family Therapy and Systemic Practice, 24, 31–45.
Colahan, M., & Robinson, P. H. (2002). Multifamily groups in the treatment of young adults with eating disorders. The Association for Family Therapy and Systemic Practice, 24, 17–30.
Chan, C.L., Chan, Y., & Lou, V.W. (2002). Evaluating an empowerment group of divorced Chinese Women in Hong Kong. Research on Social Work Practice, 22(4), 558-569.
Corey, M. S., & Corey, G. (2001). Groups: Process and practice (6th ed.). Pacific Grove, CA: Brooks/Cole
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Glauser, A. S. & Bozarth, J. D. (2001). Person-Centered counseling: The culture within. Journal of Counseling & Development, 79(2), 142-147.
Hammen, C. (2003). Interpersonal stress and depression in women. Journal of Affective Disorders, 74, 49–57.
Himle, J.A., Van Etten, M.L., & Janeck, A.S. (2006). Insight as a predictor of treatment outcome in behavioral group treatment. Cognitive Therapy and Research, 30(5), 661-666.
Laitinen, I., Ettorre, E., & Sutton, C. (2006). Empowering depressed women: Changes in individual and social feelings in guided self-help groups. European Journal of Psychotherapy and Counselling., 8(3), 305-320.
Laitinen, I., & Ettorre, E (2004). The Women and Depression Project: Feminist action research and guided self-help groups emerging from the Finnish women’s movement. Women’s Studies International Forum, 27, 203–21.
Peden, A.R., Rayens, M.K., Hall, L.A. & Beebe, L.H. (2001). Preventing depression in high-risk women: A Report of an 18-month follow-up. Journal of American College Health, 49 (6), 299-307.
Reiss, H. (2002). Integrative time-limited group therapy for bulimia nervosa. International Journal of Group Psychotherapy, 52(1), 1-26.
Tantillo, M. (2006). A relational approach to eating disorders multifamily therapy group: Moving from difference and disconnection to mutual connections. Families, Systems & Health, 24(1), 82-102.
Westwood, M.J., Keats, P.A., & Wilensky, P. (2003). Therapeutic enactment: Integrating individual and group counseling models for change. Journal for Specialists in Group Work, 28(2), 122-138.
Yalom, I.D. (2005). Theory and practice of group psychotherapy. (5th ed.). New York: Basic Books
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