Impact of Industrial Pollution on Human Health in I-9 and I-10 Sectors of Islamabad

Topics: Pollution, Air pollution, Waste Pages: 21 (4887 words) Published: May 9, 2012

IMPACT OF INDUSTRIAL POLLUTION ON HUMAN HEALTH IN I-9 AND I-10 SECTORS OF ISLAMABAD

ABSTRACT

The research aims to study the impact of industrial pollution on the health of people in I-9 and I-10 Islamabad. The study shows that majority of the people are suffering from asthma, disruption in sleep, hypertension, tuberculosis and a lot of diseases related to skin. There is no check and balance on the industrial wastage and harmful gases. Measure should be taken for the industrial wastage and also the industries should be far from the residential areas. Moreover high quality machinery should be used and should be properly installed. The awareness campaign should also be arranged to aware the industrialist about the harmfulness they are creating for the people and also the people should be aware of the danger they are living with.

Introduction

Industrialization one hand provide us ease but the black side of these industries is that they are too much harmful for our health due the wastage they are producing and also the dangerous gases the are discharging in the air everyday. These gases not only affect our health but it is also destroying the ozone layer. The destroying of this ozone layer is resulting in the rise of temperature. Evidence suggested that over 14 common diseases involving perhaps 90000 deaths a year could be conservatively linked to the results of industrial pollution in UK. In France 40% of hospital admissions linked to industrial pollution. (Freih, 2005). The industrial sector of Islamabad is located in I-9 and I-10 sector on the boarder of Islamabad and Rawalpindi which was established in 1963. The Industrial state comprises of more then 200 factories spreaded over 625 acres of land. These industries are managed by the CDA (Capital Development Authority). CDA is providing the water supply to the industries but numbers of industries have installed their own tube wells due to inadequate supply of water from CDA. The natural drains eventually lead to a single drain in the area known as Nalla Lai. The entire electricity equipment is provided by wapda. In the master plane of industrial state of Islamabad the industries are isolated from the residential areas through a buffer zone but now the residential area is developed very closed to the industrial areas because of the removal of buffer zone by CDA. Industrial state has been categorized into eight segments i.e. steel melting furnaces, rerolling mills, flour mills, oil and ghee, marble cutting and polishing, pharmaceuticals galvanizing metal working and engineering. The detail of different industrial units operating in industrial area of Islamabad is indicated below.

Types and number of factories

|Types of Industries |Approximate number | |1. steel melting furnaces, |8 | |2. rerolling mills |11 | |3. flour mills, |25 | |4. oil and ghee |5 | |5. marble cutting and polishing units |31 | |6. pharmaceuticals |10 | |7. galvanizing |2 | |8. metal working and engineering units |23 | |Total...

References: National science and technical information center Kuwait. Institute of scientific research
Frieh, Al-Shareefa (2005).Bibliography on industrial pollution effects on Health,
Government of Pakistan (2006), Environmental Survey on the industrial state of (I-9 and I-10) Islamabad
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Mehrabi Hamid and Ramli Azam (2005), Prediction of air pollution effects from external
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Mubin.S, Gul, Khokhar MIA and Ashraf M (2002) statistical solution for the industrial waste problem. Journal of drainage and water management vol-6 (2).
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Qadir Fazal Noman (2002), Air quality management in Pakistani cities, trends and challenges. Islamabad.
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