Illness chart

Topics: Common cold, Poison, Symptoms Pages: 8 (1141 words) Published: February 10, 2015
Task B (007.2.1

Complete a grid to identify the common signs and symptoms of childhood illnesses/allergies, accidents and injuries and how these should be responded to within your early years setting.

Signs and Symptoms
Procedural Response
Allergy (examples)

Chicken Pox

High temperature (fever), aches and headache often start a day or so before a rash appears. Spots (rash). Spots appear in crops. They develop into small blisters and are itchy. They can be anywhere on the body. Several crops may develop over several days. Loss of appetite or feeding problems.

Stay off work/ school until the last blister has burst and scabbed over. Meningitis

Headache and feeling unwell
Red ticks show symptoms more specific to meningitis and septicaemia and less common in milder illnesses. Limb pain
Pale skin
Cold hands and feet often appear earlier than the rash
Neck stiffness
Dislike of bright lights and confusion.
Soon as you detect the infection call 999 immediately

Swelling and pain of one or both parotid glands are the usual main symptoms. The mouth may feel dry.
Chewing and swallowing may be sore.
Fever (high temperature), headache, feeling tired and being off food may develop for a few days. ... Mild abdominal (tummy) pain may occur.

Stay off work or school until five days after you first developed symptoms wash your hands regularly, using soap and water
always use a tissue to cover your mouth and nose when you cough and sneeze, and throw the tissue in a bin immediately afterwards


A high temperature, sore eyes (conjunctivitis), and a runny nose usually occur first. Small white spots usually develop inside the mouth a day or so later. These can persist for several days. A harsh dry cough is usual.

Going off food, tiredness, and aches and pains are usual.
Diarrhoea and/or vomiting is common.
A red blotchy rash normally develops about 3-4 days after the first symptoms. It usually starts on the head and neck, and spreads down the body. It takes 2-3 days to cover most of the body. The rash often turns a brownish colour and gradually fades over a few days. Children are usually quite unwell and miserable for 3-5 days. After this, the fever tends to ease, and then the rash fades. The other symptoms gradually ease and go.

Detect the illness
Measles is very contagious the patient should be sent home.
Contact GP


Swollen glands, usually behind the ears and at the back of the neck. Sometimes glands in other parts of the body swell. The glands gradually go back to normal over a week or so. A spotty, pink-red rash develops any time up to seven days after the glands swell. The rash usually starts behind the ears, then spreads to the face and neck and then spreads to the rest of the body. The rash lasts 3-5 days before fading. A mild raised temperature (fever), cold, cough and sore throat are common. Sore red eyes (conjunctivitis) may develop for a few days.

Joint pains, like a mild arthritis, may develop for a week or so. This is less common in children but is quite common in adults with rubella. Other symptoms may include tiredness and headache.

Detect the illness
Measles is very contagious the patient should be sent home.
Contact GP


Struggling to breathe (gasping)
Bluish lips or skin
Stand slightly behind the person to one side. If you’re right-handed, stand to the left. If you’re left-handed, stand to the right. Support their chest with one hand. Lean the person forward so that the object blocking their airway will come out of their mouth, rather than going further down. Give up to five sharp blows between the person’s shoulder blades with the heel of your hand. (The heel is between the palm of your hand and your wrist.) Stop after each blow to check if the blockage has cleared.

If not, give up to five abdominal thrusts...
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