The Problem and Its Background
The Philippines is an agricultural country with a land area of 30 million hectares, 47% of which is agricultural land. In the Philippines, prime agricultural lands are located around the main urban and high population density areas. Due to the rapid growth of our population, food demand increases but the supply is insufficient to provide the needs of all people, since the demand is high, but the supplies are low making most of the foods especially agricultural products unaffordable particularly to the poor people in both rural and urban areas. About half of the Philippines’ 88 million people live in rural areas. Poverty is most severe and most widespread in these areas and almost 80 per cent of the country’s poor people live there. Agriculture is the primary and often only source of income for poor rural people, most of whom depends on subsistence farming and fishing for their livelihoods. There are substantial differences in the level of poverty between the regions and provinces and the poverty gap between urban and rural areas is widening.
Together with the food shortage is residential area shortage; to suffice this problem agricultural lands are being developed into residential lands which still leads back to the first problem stated the food shortage. Due to agricultural land shortage, we need to import products not only from other provinces from the mountainous regions some 150Km north of Manila, and also from our neighboring countries. Because of product importation, supplies become more expensive. Consumption of fruits, vegetables and even rice is regarded as a luxury for the urban poor, due to its high cost. In line to this fact is the incidence of malnutrition, especially among infants and young children which is even higher among the urban poor than the national average indicates. Among the causes of poverty are a decline in the productivity and profitability of farming, smaller farm sizes. Since one of the problems caused by the rapid population growth is the decrease of agricultural lands. In line with these problems is the fact that Philippines is a tropical country which gives the farmers a wide range of limitation on what and when to plant. Another problem is that our country continuously experiencing strong typhoon which causes destruction of crops, in which the capital used were usually loaned such as from cooperatives for farmers or some other government agencies that focuses on our country’s agricultural needs. Because of this, many farmers lost their source of living which does not only affect their lives, but also each and every Filipino consumer whose basic needs are food. Hydroponics is the growing of plants without any soil. Plants require three things to survive- light, oxygen and nutrients. Since soil is the normal source of nutrients for plants, when removed we need to replace it with something else. This is usually done by adding nutrients to the plant’s water source. Hydroponics is a now a widely-used technology in farming around the world because of its benefits. And was already introduced in the Philippines and now being used my some farmers and sole-proprietors. The use of hydroponics as a means of helping families lift themselves from poverty is an innovative approach that will hopefully help to alleviate poverty but also demonstrate the viability of hydroponic planting as a means of food production and regeneration. With the current situation and problems learned with regards to agriculture particularly on farming, the researchers came up with the idea of creating a microprocessor based device that will automate a system of soil-free planting (hydroponics) which will be a great help to the farmers according to the existing problems they were come into contact with this days. This humble proposal may innovate, expedite and lessen the burden to the farmers and poor rural and urban people.
Objectives of the Study:
Bibliography: Admin. (2009, NOvember 11). Philippine Stuffs. Retrieved from Hydroponics in the Philippines: http://www.philippinestuffs.com/hydroponics-in-the-philippines/
Bradley, P. (n.d.). City Farmer.org. Retrieved from Introducing Simplified Hydroponics in Manila Philippines, Payatas, Quezon City : http://www.cityfarmer.org/manila.html
Pinas.dlsu.edu. (n.d.). Retrieved from Agriculture: http://pinas.dlsu.edu.ph/gov/agriculture.html
Soil-Free Planting with the of Use WANU; A device that will maintain and supply water and nutrients to the plants
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