In the following assignment I am going to outline the different patterns of development in adolescence such as physical, cognitive and socio-emotional in relation to Erik Eriksons Psychosocial development theory. I will then relate them to John’s situation and how his caregivers and other significant people in his life can respond to these needs. I will also identify other supports such as social groups and clubs outside of John’s immediate caregivers which could help support his needs being met. And finally I will give the key skills and strengths of a person working with adolescence and the attitude that is needed to work in an environment where they may face difficult tasks on a daily basis.
In John as in all young adolesence the normal patterns of physical development can start in the early teens and continue on until the young adolesence reach's their late teens. The first noticable change that occurs is their height and weight growth, at this stage teens can become very clumsy as their hand and feet tend to grow before their body does and their weight mass changes as boys muscle growth develops throughout puberty. There is also a change in their physical look aswell, they start to grow facial hair and pubic hair in the gental area, their is penis growth and also a change in their voice as it becomes a lot deeper. In Johns situation because he is a lot smaller in stature towards other children his age it would give him a lot of reassurance if his caregivers reassured that some teenagers take a lot longer than others to develop and he still has a lot of years of growing left to do, as in many situations some teens can take up to the age of eighteen to start to take a major growth spurt. The second pattern of development in adolesence is their cognitive development, the developing teenager acquires the ability to think systematically about all logical relationships within a problem. Each adolescent progresses at varying rates in developing his/her ability to think in more complex ways. When emotional issues arise, they often interfere with an adolescent's ability to think in more complex ways. The ability to consider possibilities, as well as facts, may influence decision making, in either positive or negative ways. There are three differant stages of cognitive development in how an adolesence thinks. There is early adolesence where the use of more complex thinking is focused on personal decision making in school and home environments, middle adolesence where the focus often expands to include more philosophical and futuristic concerns such as what do i think is right? And who am I? As is mentioned in Erik Eriksons psychosocial theory of development, indentity vs role confusion where the young adolesence struggles to find out who they are and where they want to be in society. They also start to think about and create their own plans for the future and what they want in their lives. And the final stage is late adolesence where the adolesence begins to stop being so ego-centic and thinking about what career path they want to take and begins to focus thinking on their emerging role in adult society. As John is at the middle stage of adolesence where he is starting to develop himself as an individual and discover who he wants to be, he may or may not want to join differant social groups and his peers need to encourage him to do this as it will have a great effect on his development into adulthood. As I referred to earlier on in Eriksons theory Johns third pattern of development is socio-emotional. John is going through Identity vs role confusion and if his peers dont help him develop who he is then there is a major chance that he will go into young adulthood feeling isolated and there is already signs of John becoming isolated and withdrawn from society as he has no long term friendships outside of the residential centre and he does not engage in any activities. This is what Erik Erikson...
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