Supporting Teaching and Learning in Schools (Level 2)
201 – Children and Young Peoples Development (M) (2)
Describe the expected pattern of children and young people’s development from birth to 19 years, to include:-
0 – 3 Years
This is a very fast period of physical development. As newborn babies have very little control over their bodies especially their heads. Movements are linked to their reflexes which they need in order to survive. In the first year however they will learn to have more control over their bodies so that by the time they hit 12 months most babies will have developed some degree of motorbility i.e. crawling/rolling.
As they begin their second year babies will continue to grow and develop and walking begins. They begin to use their hands for pointing, holding smaller objects, starting to undress themselves and feed themselves. They will enjoy climbing and exploring.
In their third year children will start to have more control over their fine motor skills and be able to use pencils and crayons better. They will enjoy turning over pages in books. They should be able to use a cup and feed themselves. They will be able to walk and run more confidently.
3 – 7 years
This is the stage that children become more coordinated. The child’s confidence will grow as their coordination improves. Fine motor skills will be more developed and they will develop the skills of cutting, writing and drawing. They will be able to skip, run, hop, kick a ball and use larger equipment more confidently.
7 – 12 Years
Children of this age bracket are refining all their skills. They may start to have hobbies and interests. They are more controlled with their movements as well such as those required for sewing or playing a musical instrument. Girls in particular may begin to show some of the earlier signs of puberty from the age of 10 or 11. In boys this is typically later, and there will be a rapid phase of physical growth spurts.
12 – 16 Years
Adolescence should now have hit, Boys will be going through puberty and Girls will have finished and their periods started and possibly be regular. Young people are physically growing stronger. There will be major varieties of height and strength. Boys will typically be stronger and taller than girls.
16 – 19 Years
Most young people are now classed as young adults and at the age of 18 will be classed as adults. The majority of girls will have reached their physical maturity, however, boys will continue to grow and change until their mid twenties.
Communication and Intellectual Development
0 – 3 Years
From birth many adults will try to communicate with babies even though they know they are not able to understand and communicate back. It is important to communicate with babies as it helps to stimulate and is good for them to feel that people are interested in them. For those babies who are not communicated with from an early age it is found that they struggle to learn the skills of effective communication later on in life. Babies will enjoy songs and games, most will begin to attempt to speak at approximately 12 months, this can either be earlier and can be later.
Between the age of one and two years babies start to put words together and they will be a bit more pronounced. Their vocabulary starts to increase rapidly so that by the time they reach the age of 2 they will know in the region of 200 words.
Between two and three years they will start to use plurals in their speech, using negatives as well. Grammatically there are still errors being made such as “I drawed it”
3 – 7 Years
This age is when children become more social and vocal. They will use familiar phrases and expressions. They will be very questionable. Skills will improve especially in the fine motor skills department with them learning how to read and write.
7 – 12 Years...
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