HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT
Management has been by Mary Parker as “the art of getting things done through people.” It can also be defined as the field of human behavior in which managers plan, organize, staff, direct, and control human, physical and financial resources in an organized effort, in order to achieve desired individual and group objectives with optimum efficiency and effectiveness.
Human resources are a crucial sub – system in process of management. This can be defined as the total knowledge, skills, creative abilities, talents & aptitudes of an elegant work force. HRM means employing people, developing their resources, utilizing, maintaining and compensating their services in with the job & organizational requirements.
HRM is managing the functions of employing, developing and compensating H.R’s resulting in creating and developing human relations and utilization of H.R’s with a view to contribute proportionately to the organizational, individual & social goals. The term human resource can also be explained in the sense that it is a resource like any other natural resource. It does mean that the management can get and use the skill, knowledge, ability etc., through the development of skills, tapping and utilizing them again and again.
HRM aims at attaining the goals of the organization, individual and society in an integrated approach.
“The term human resource refers to the total knowledge skills, creative abilities, talents and attitudes of an organization and work force, as well as the value attitudes and believes of the individual involves”.
MEANING OF HUMAN RESOURCE MANAGEMENT:
Terms used to denote human resource management are labor management, labor administration, labor management relations, employee relations, different industrial relations, personnel administration, personnel management, human capital management, human asset management human resources management and the like. The basic nature of distinction lies in the scope of coverage and evolutionary stage. In simple sense, HRM means employing people, developing their resources, utilizing, maintaining and compensating their services in tune with their job and organizational requirements.
DEFINITIONS OF HRM:
“Human Resource Management is that part of management process which is primarily concerned with the Human constituents of an organization.”
“Human resource management is the planning, organizing, directing and controlling of the development compensation, integration, maintenance and reproduction of human resource to the end, that individual, organizational, and social objectives of accomplished”.
------- EDWIN B FLIPPO
EVOLUTION OF HRM:
This learning module is divided into three classes and covers a brief history of American labor and the evolving function of human resource management. The first class is an overview of American labor history from the colonial period to the early 1900s. There was little actual HR management during this time, but it is important history that sets the stage for understanding the development of human resource management in the 20th century. The second class covers early labor unrest at the beginning of the 20th century; the Depression; World War II; and the post-war years of the 1950s. In this time period, we see the rise of the industrial relations professional and the personnel administrator, forerunners of contemporary HR managers. The last session starts with the civil rights movement of the 1960s and ends with contemporary issues that continue to shape today’s HR management in its current strategic role. The Royal Commission on Labor set up from 1929 to 1931 to examine the situation recommended the appointment of labor officers and other changes. The suggested changes led to the bringing in of standardization and that was the first step...
Bibliography: Administration of laws with respect to any of the matters specified in this list namely;
← The Indian telegraph act, 1885.
← The Indian wireless telegraph act, 1933 and
← The telecom regulatory authority of India act, 1997.
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