Review Article Guidelines for Students on Rotation
A.T. Still University of Health Sciences
Kirksville College of Osteopathic Medicine
Prepared for the Office of Academic and Regional Affairs by the A.T. Still Research Institute, KCOM Our mission is to advance patient care and wellness through development and support of premier research at the A.T. Still University of Health Sciences.
Production of this publication is funded by the Academic Administrative Units in Primary Care Grant D12HP00156 between the A.T. Still University of Health Sciences/Kirksville College of Medicine and the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, Health Resources and Services Administration, Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Medicine. For more information on the Research Institute, please call (660) 626-2397 or go to www.kcom.edu and click on Research Institute.
Table of Contents
the problem. (American Psychological
Association [APA], 1994, p.5) (In Bem).”
A. How To Write A Review Article
Step 1. Prologue
Step 2. Getting Started
Step 3. Writing as Critical Thinking
Step 4. What’s the Point?
Step 5. Argument
Step 6. Audience
Step 7. Pre-Writing and Brainstorming
B. The Structure of Your Review Article
Step 1. Abstract
Step 2. Introduction
Step 3. Claim
Step 4. Reason
Step 5. Evidence
Step 6. Discussion
Step 7. References
C. Your Second Reader
D. The Revision
E. Recommended Readings
2. Getting Started
2.1 The bad news: There are two things nobody wants
to hear about writing:
1) Writing is hard.
2) Writing takes time.
I’m not sure which is worse, but both are true, so
you might as well resign yourself to them right now
and get it over with.
2.2 The good news: The above truisms hold for
everyone, even the most seasoned writers. And
there are some tried and true ways to make the
3. Writing as Critical Thinking
A. How to Write A Review Article
A review article differs from a research article in that the review article examines the evidence presented in a
research article, rather than producing research itself.
Daryl J. Bem of Cornell University describes a review
article as the following experience: “You have surveyed
an experimental literature and arrived at conclusions you
believe are worth sharing with the wider…community.
Now it is time to write. To publish. To tell the world
what you have learned.
“According to the recent revision of the Publication
Manual of the American Psychological Association,
“review articles, including meta-analyses, are critical
evaluations of material that has already been published.
By organizing, integrating, and evaluating previously
published material, the author of a review article
considers the progress of current research toward
clarifying a problem. In a sense, a review article is
tutorial in that the author
Defines and clarifies the problem;
Summarizes previous investigations in
order to inform the reader of the state of
Identifies relations, contradictions, gaps,
and inconsistencies in the literature; and
Suggests the next step or steps in solving
3.1 A common misconception that writers have is that
they know or should know what they are going to
say before they begin. In order for this to be true,
writers would need to memorize ten to twenty
pages’ worth of material and then spew them onto
the pages. This is not possible.
Your life as a researcher, student, and writer will be
more pleasant for you if you learn now that writing is a
form of thinking. Writing helps you organize your
thoughts, not vice versa.
Often, when you are writing, you will have an “aha!”
experience in which you discover that you thought
or knew something you didn’t realize you thought or
knew. Writing has helped you to think of it. Putting
the words on the page has led you to a discovery
that wouldn’t have been possible merely through
References: were well-respected, current texts and journal articles, written in an
15 points will be subtracted for each week the paper is late. Passing is 50 points. The paper is worth a total of 70 points (2
points per item, or x2). The final grade will be recorded on your transcript. Students with a score of less than 50 points will
be required to repeat the Written Review Article (total of __ contact hours). The student will be required to pay tuition for
the repeated review article.
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