Hiv and Aids Science Report

Topics: AIDS, Immune system, HIV Pages: 4 (1435 words) Published: May 2, 2013

Have you ever wondered what HIV or AIDS are? HIV stands for human immunodeficiency virus. It causes AIDS which stands for acquired immune deficiency. These viruses attacks the immune system and can cause you to die because it attacks your helper T cells. There are no cures, but you can take medication to help with the symptoms. AIDS and HIV are STD. When one person has AIDS and you have contact with that person they can transmit that disease to you. Another way you can develop AIDS is when you have a blood transfusion and receive blood from a person who has AIDS. Today in the United States that rarely ever happens because blood is screened before they give it to someone. Mothers can also give AIDS to the babies. When the mother is pregnant the mother can give the baby AIDS because they share the same blood circulation. Mothers can also give their children the disease through the mothers milk. AIDS and HIV are two diseases that many people have and do not know, and it kills many. How do HIV and AIDS affect my body? HIV and AIDS affects you body because everyone has what is called an immune system. Your immune system has a specific cell that fights off bacteria and viruses. They fight off the bacteria and viruses so you don’t get sick. One of those vital cells that help make the antibodies (the cell that fights off bacteria and viruses) are Helper T cells. Helper T cells promote the activity and function of B cells. Helper T cells can be found in your blood, lymph nodes, and other places in you body. After HIV enters your body, it makes copies of itself using the Helper T cells. At first your body can handle the loss of Helper T cells, but after time more and more copies of HIV are produced. Eventually your body can no longer take it and your immune system weakens, that is when AIDS develops. With a weak immune system you cannot fight off bacteria and viruses. That is when you get sick and can cause death. Every year more and more people are...
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