Infectious Disease WK2

Topics: Immune system, AIDS, HIV Pages: 5 (897 words) Published: February 8, 2015

Infectious Disease
Natalie Rabess-Denis
HCA 240
August 18, 2013
Professor Morse

Infectious Disease

We are faced and come in contact with various types of diseases, those that you can seek treatment for and those that are incurable. Research has been conducted for many years and is still being tested and studied in an attempt to find a cure for these diseases. Cancer, Hepatitis B, Tuberculosis, Influenza, and Chicken Pox are all forms of infectious disease, but one major one that has to be the most deadliest of them all is known as AIDS and HIV. According to "HIV Basics" (2013), "About 1.1 million people in the United States were living with HIV at the end of 2009, Of those people, about 18% do not know they are infected.” Inflammatory Response

HIV is the virus that leads to AIDS, which is where the disease originated. Being that there was a virus that started the disease this is where the inflammatory response started. The inflammatory response originates when tissues of one’s body are injured by bacteria, trauma, toxins, and in this case a virus. Your body’s immune response should protect you, but when it no longer can protect your body from the virus of HIV, then the inflammatory process begin. The virus attacks the CD4 T lymphocytes, destroying them and also killing others (Zelman Ph.D., Tompany PharmD, Raymond Ph.D., Holdaway, MA. P., & Mulvihill, Ph.D. 2010). That entire process paralyzes the immune system by making the body susceptible to infections and illnesses that a healthy immune system would be able to control. While the body is going through this, the immune system becomes weakened and eventually open to infections and leads to inflammation mainly in one’s lymph nodes and stomach. Description, Transmission, Environmental Factors. HIV is the acronym for human immunodeficiency virus. This is the virus that can lead to AIDS which stands for acquired immunodeficiency syndrome. These two are not the same, one is the virus and one is the actual disease. The HIV virus is spread through the physical transmission of bodily fluids. This includes kissing, blood, breast milk, saliva, semen, vaginal and seminal fluids. The virus comes into the body from sores and cuts you may receive, needles injected into your body, sore and cuts in your mouth, your vagina, penis, and rectum ("HIV/Aids Basics", 2011). The environment can also welcome HIV, by the living conditions, poor or poverty stricken, low income, neighborhoods infested with drugs and violence. Standard and Alternative Treatments. HIV/AIDS has no cure to it, however there are drugs that can help treat the virus within HIV, by combining three different drugs together from two separate classes of anti-HIV drug inhibitors ("HIV/aids", 2012). There are many living with HIV/AIDS that do indeed try alternative options in an effort to boost their immune systems. For example, many of the HIV drugs can elevate the level of cholesterol in your body, so those that choose the alternate route usually incorporate fish oil into their vitamin or medication regimens as fish oil has many beneficial factors and one includes lowering cholesterol levels. Controlling HIV/AIDS and Consequences of not. Protecting yourself and knowing the facts about HIV/AIDS is the best way to help protect and stop the spread of AIDS. Here are some examples of how you can protect yourself: Do not have unprotected sex, have one sexual partner, do not consume intravenous drugs, or share needles, Wear gloves and protected gear when dealing with bodily fluids like goggles and face shields. Immediately wash your hands if it does come in contact with bodily fluids. Not following the proper precautions to protect yourself from this horrible disease can eventually lead you into becoming another statistic. Protect yourself. If you are already infected with this disease please be aware of what you are doing around people. Ask for help, get your...

References: Zelman Ph.D., M., Tompany PharmD, E., Raymond Ph.D., J., Holdaway, MA., P., & Mulvihill, Ph.D, M.L(2010). Human Diseases: A Systematic Approach (7th ed.). : Prentice Hall.
HIV Basics. (2013). Retrieved from
HIV/AIDS Basics. (2011). Retrieved from
HIV/AIDS. (2012). Retrieved from
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