History Sucks

Topics: Islam, Roman Empire, Ottoman Empire Pages: 235 (85408 words) Published: August 26, 2013
How Did the Roman Empire Expand?
Have you ever played an app in which you have to build a zoo, city, or farm? If so, you know that your zoo does not become full of animals overnight. You must raise capital to add animals to your zoo. The more imaginary coins you have, the more land and animals you can purchase. Like these imaginary civilizations, the Roman Empire, too, took time to build. It did not just emerge overnight. The city of Rome was founded by a group of people called the Latins around 1000 BCE. The Latins came to be called the Romans. In 509 BCE, nearly 500 years after the city of Rome was found, the Romans set up a republic. By 275 BCE, they gained control of the Italian peninsula. Next they tried to dominate the entire Mediterranean region. They began to achieve this goal through a series of three wars called the Punic Wars playHYPERLINK "javascript:;"pause[->0]Punic Wars: three wars fought between Carthage and the Roman Republic between 264 BCE and 146 BCE. During these wars, Rome defeated Carthage, a rival sea power. By doing this, the Romans conquered the islands of Sicily, Sardinia, and Corsica, and the city of Carthage. After these wars, Rome conquered Macedonia, Greece, and parts of Anatolia. Even though it had many military victories, the Roman Republic playHYPERLINK "javascript:;"pause[->1]Roman Republic: a political state established by the Roman people that had a representative government for its citizens; it lasted from 509 BCE to 27 BCE suffered from internal conflict. Wealthy Romans became wealthier from the taxing and looting of conquered lands. Not everyone, however, benefited from the growing empire. Many in the lower classes continued to work hard for very little, despite the prosperous empire. In spite of this, Rome continued to conquer territory. The general Pompey took control of the rest of Anatolia, Judea, and Syria. From 58 to 51 BCE, Julius Caesar swept across Gaul, the region of Western Europe that includes present-day France, Belgium, and Switzerland. In 44 BCE, Caesar was assassinated. Soon civil war broke out. This conflict destroyed the republic. Caesar's grandnephew, Augustus, took control of Rome and its territories and established an empire in 27 BCE. Although the Senate still functioned, the emperor Augustus had supreme power. The Roman Empire playHYPERLINK "javascript:;"pause[->2]Roman Empire: an empire that dominated the Mediterranean region and lasted from 27 BCE to 476 BCE continued to expand into Britain and the rest of North Africa. By 200 CE, Rome had reached the height of its power page 2

How Did the Byzantine Empire Form?
Conflicts between Roman leaders and barbarian invasions weakened the empire. Like the overly expanded classroom at the beginning of this lesson, the Roman Empire became difficult for one central authority to govern because of its huge size. As a result, the emperor Diocletian divided the empire into western and eastern parts. An emperor ruled each part. Constantine I

playHYPERLINK "javascript:;"pause[->3]Constantine I: Roman emperor who ruled from 306 CE to 337 CE became the ruler of the western part of the empire in 306 CE. Then in 324 CE, Constantine defeated the leader of the eastern part of the empire. By doing this, he became the ruler of the entire empire. Soon Constantine moved the empire's capital from Rome to Constantinople. Why? The eastern part of the empire could be more easily governed from Constantinople. For Constantine, this was important. The eastern region had a denser population and more economic activity. Because of this, it was far more important than the western region. Also, the city of Rome had many conflicting political parties. These groups threatened the security of the empires As before, the size of the empire made ruling it as a single unit difficult. After Constantine's death, the empire was again divided into eastern and western halves. By 395 CE, the split became permanent. Separate political parties...
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