top-rated free essay

History Notes 112

By amillsapp May 07, 2014 596 Words

History 112

Chapter 25: O can you see the C’s? ( 1940 - 1960 )

Kennedy and the Cold War

- After 8 years in the White House Eisenhower had to retire because of the 22nd Amendment. 22nd ratified in 1951 in reaction to FDR’s four terms as president but did not permit Eisenhower or anyone else to run for more than two terms in office.

- Eisenhower tepidly endorsed his vice president, Richard Nixon who had gotten his fame from 1950’s Red Scare.

- Democrats nominated John F. Kennedy who was a senator in Massachusetts.

- John F. Kennedy was seen as a hero during World War 2 with an easy demeanor and good sense of humor.

- Kennedy and Nixon promised Americans that they would execute the cold war better than Eisenhower. Many, Americans felt like Kennedy could not lead the nation because he was a catholic and wanted him to consult the pope. Became first catholic president in history.

Map of Election of 1960 p. 453.

President Kennedy

- Kennedy spoke a lot on “ new frontier” during his campaign but when in office his agended changed. Which, lacked major programs to develop.

- During Kennedy election he vowed to take more aggressive approach to the cold war than Eisenhower. An increase ment on federal aid for education, medical care, mass transit, unemployment, and urban affairs department generally went no where.

- Nation Building

- Kennedy seeked support from developing nations to win by facilitating their economic and political maturation.

Nation Building: Facilitating the economic and political maturation of developing nations; political strategy employed by Presi. Kennedy in order to prevent developing nations from adopting communism.

- Kennedy believed in the doctrine of containment and announced his willingness to wage preemptive strikes to prevent the march of communism.

Berlin Wall: Built by communist government to separate impoverished, Soviet - controlled East Berlin from the more prosperous West Berlin.

Kennedy the Cold Warrior

- Cuba and Vietnam was presidents two biggest concern. Cuba had been a main concern of U.S. foreign policy since the Spanish american war for two reasons:

1. The U.S feared any political turmoil so close to its border

2. Many American had invested in the country

The long concerns were compounded when Fidel Castro took power in 1959 and established a communist regime. The regime distressed Kennedy because it meant that one more communist country in the world, but also because the Soviet Union now had an ally just 90 miles from U.S shores. Kennedy dedicated himself to remove the communist and Castro.

Bay of Pigs Invasion

- CIA had a plan to overthrow Castro Kennedy went along with plan in april 1961.

- The plan was to use air cover, reefs, and swampy terrain meant that 1,400 commandos had a tough landing. The plan got back to Castro and when the commandos arrived Castro forces were waiting to capture them as they land.

- Kennedy wanted to conceal U.S aims to overthrow or even assassinate Castro but CIA ordered his to do nothing and allow the operation to fail, or send U.S military forces into Cuba.

- Since Kennedy chose to do nothing 1,200 exiles were captured and went on trial some were executed and most were sentenced to 30 yrs in prison. the prisoners were released in 20 months in exchange for $53 million in food and medicine.

Cuban Missile Crises

- President Kennedy launched assault on Castro regime, which included radio broadcasts, assassination plots, and sabotage raids.

- In April 1962 Castro agreed to allow the Soviet Union to base a few of its nuclear missiles in Cuba to protect his communist revolution.

Cite This Document

Related Documents

  • United States History Notes

    ...Madhav Mehta Mr. O’Halloran U.S History February 6th 2014 In the first years of the war, what were the political and military strategies of each side? Which side was more successful? Why? In the mid 1800’s the Civil War begun. It was between the Union, the north, and the Confederates, the south. Each side had its own reason...

    Read More
  • History: Notes

    ...Secular Cultural Tradition 1. Absence of organized religion and priestly class 2. Believed in the impersonal heavenly power - tian 3. Oracle bones and early Chinese writing a. Oracle bones 1. Primary instruments of fortune-tellers 2. Discovery of the "dragon bones" in 1890s 3. Bones recorded day-to-day concerns of the Shang royal c...

    Read More
  • history

    ...Paper - I 1. Sources: Archaeological sources:Exploration, excavation, epigraphy, numismatics, monuments Literary sources: Indigenous: Primary and secondary; poetry, scientific literature, literature, literature in regional languages, religious literature. Foreign accounts: Greek, Chinese and Arab writers. 2. Pre-history and Proto-history:...

    Read More
  • 1152109653 2005 Ancient History Notes

    ...New Kingdom Hyksos: Origins: Historians disagree over origins Agree Hyksos from North of Egypt Reasons for coming to Egypt: Egypt in chaos – in Second Intermediate Period Hyksos attracted to natural resources, fertile land, and possible climatic change? Wavering Control of Hyksos: piece of fragmentary palette from Apophis says Hyksos con...

    Read More
  • History Notes

    ...wealth from railroad and shipping businesses (1794-1877) Union Pacific Railroad- is a Class I line haul freight railroad that operates 8,400 locomotives over 31,390 route-miles in 23 states west of Chicago, Illinois and New Orleans, Louisiana. The Union Pacific Railroad network is the largest in the United States and is serviced by 45,700...

    Read More
  • History Notes

    ...Response paper 6-7 (this counts as two response papers). Instructions: Completing this assignment will require anywhere from 60-80 minutes. It will count as two response papers. This documentary is a case study in policy making. It helps us to learn about the mechanisms of making laws at the national level for high profile policies in Amer...

    Read More
  • History Notes

    ...March 26th 2013 Homework: Questions Chapter 12 (1, 2, 3, 9 and 10) 1. How did reform affect each of the three estates? The reform affected each and every state because it made them equal in rights. It ended the labour and taxes due to the church from the peasants – They became free persons and the privileges of the nobility were ended....

    Read More
  • History Notes

    ...*Dawes Act- was passed in 1887 and divided land for Indians to be conformed into the American society, named after its sponser Henry Dawes. *Booker T. Washington- Was an adviser to presidents. Created Tuskegee Institute for Vocational Training. *Jim Crow Law- Black segregation laws, allowed seperate but egual. *Plessy v. Furgeson-...

    Read More

Discover the Best Free Essays on StudyMode

Conquer writer's block once and for all.

High Quality Essays

Our library contains thousands of carefully selected free research papers and essays.

Popular Topics

No matter the topic you're researching, chances are we have it covered.