History 201 - Final Exam (Chapters 10, 12, and 14)
1. What did Sam Patch represent?
In a market economy where skilled “arts” were being replaced by machine labor, Sam
Patch’s acts were a defiant protest against the changing times.
2. What intellectual movement influenced Transcendentalism?
The Transcendentalists found inspiration for their philosophy in a variety of diverse sources such as: Vedic thought, various religions, and German idealism.
3. What did Transcendentalists believe in?
The transcendentalists desired to ground their religion and philosophy in transcendental principles: principles not based on, or falsifiable by, physical experience, but deriving from the inner spiritual or mental essence of the human.
4. What did the Shakers believe in and practice?
Convinced that the end of the world was at hand and that there was no need to perpetuate the human race, Shakers practiced celibacy. Men and women normally worked apart, ate at separate tables in silence, entered separate doorways, and had separate living quarters. Elders typically assigned tasks by gender, with women performing household chores and men laboring in the fields, but leadership of the church was split equally between men and women.
5. Who was Harriet Tubman?
A network of anti-slavery sympathizers also developed in the North to convey runaway slaves to Canada and freedom. Although not as extensive or as tightly organized as contemporaries claimed, the Underground Railroad hid fugitives and transported them northward from one station to the next. Free African Americans, who were more readily trusted by wary slaves, played a leading role in the Underground Railroad. One of its most famous conductors was Harriet Tubman, an escaped slave who repeatedly returned to the South and eventually escorted to freedom more than 200 slaves.
6. What was the Overland Trail?
The Overland Trail was a stagecoach and wagon trail in the American West during the
7. What jobs did Chinese