AP World History Chapter 13 questions

Topics: Islam, Muhammad / Pages: 5 (1141 words) / Published: Nov 3rd, 2014
Chapter 13: The Expansive Realm of Islam
Outline the key aspects of the life of Muhammad, his message, his migration to the Medina, and the establishment of Islam in Arabia. Muhammad and his message
Arabian peninsula was mostly desert
Nomadic Bedouin people organized in family and clan groups
Important in long-distance trade networks between China/India and Persia/Byzantium
Muhammad's early life
Muhammad ibn Abdullah born to a Mecca merchant family, 570 C.E.
Difficult early life, married a wealthy widow, Khadija, in 595
Became a merchant at age thirty and was exposed to various faiths
Muhammad's spiritual transformation at age forty
There was only one true god, Allah ("the god")
Allah would soon bring judgment on the world
The archangel Gabriel delivered these revelations to Muhammad
The Quran ("recitation")--holy book of Islam
Followers compiled Muhammad's revelations
Work of poetry and definitive authority on Islam
Other works include hadith (sayings and deeds of Muhammad)
Muhammad's migration to Medina
Conflict at Mecca
His teachings offended other believers, especially the ruling elite of Mecca
Attacks on greed offended wealthy merchants
Attacks on idolatry threatened shrines, especially the black rock at Ka'ba
The hijra
Under persecution, Muhammad and followers fled to Medina, 622 C.E.
The move, known as hijra, was the starting point of the Islamic calendar
The umma: cohesive community of Muslims in Medina
The "seal of the prophets"
Muhammad called himself the "seal of the prophets"--the final prophet of Allah
Held Hebrew scripture and New Testament in high esteem
Determined to spread Allah's wish to all humankind
The establishment of Islam in Arabia
Muhammad's return to Mecca
He and his followers conquered Mecca, 630
Imposed a government dedicated to Allah
Destroyed pagan shrines and built mosques
The Ka'ba was not destroyed; it became site of pilgrimage in 632
The Five

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