Hay said,“Earnestly desirous to remove any cause of irritation and to ensure at the same time to the commerce of all nations in China...shall enjoy perfect equality of treatment for their commerce and navigation within such spheres.” The purpose of writing the document was to reduce the power countries had gained from their spheres of influence. The United States had no spheres of influence in China because it had just recently taken interest in Asia. Therefore, John Hay sought to prevent other countries from having more power than the United States.
Each power claimed exclusive privileges of investment, and other powers seek to monopolize the trade as well. As the Open Door Policy took into action, each power should have to follow the rule
1. Each great power should maintain free access to a treaty port or to any other vested interest within its sphere.
2. Only the Chinese government should collect taxes on trade.
3. No great power having a sphere should be granted exemptions from paying harbor dues or railroad charges.
This policy which showed above has obviously