Apush Vocab

Topics: United States, American Civil War, United States Constitution Pages: 15 (5523 words) Published: August 16, 2013
1. Common Sense- Thomas Paine's legendary pamphlet urging the colonies to declare independence and establish a republican government. 2. Deism- Belief system that emphasized reasoned moral behavior and scientific pursuit of knowledge; they believed in a Supreme Being but rejected the divinity of Christ. 3. Stamp Act-Widely unpopular tax on an array of paper goods, repealed in 1766 after mass protests erupted across the colonies 4. Virtual Representation-The British said the colonies need not have representatives because the members of Parliament represented all British subjects. 5. Farewell Address-George Washington's farewell address at the end of his presidency, warning the U.S. against "permanent alliances" with other nations. 6. Monroe Doctrine-Statement delivered by President James Monroe warning European powers to refrain from seeking any new territories; U.S. lacked power to back up this announcement, but Britain enforced it by involving themselves with the Latin-American market. 7. 1st continental congress-delegates from all colonies except Georgia met to discuss problems with Britain and to promote independence. 8. 2nd Continental Congress-all 13 colonies met in Philadelphia where they drafted the Declaration of Independence and managed the colonial war effort. 9. Anne Hutchinson-Antinomian religious dissenter brought to trial for heresy in Massachusetts Bay after arguing that she need not follow God's laws or man's, and claiming direct revelation from God. Banished from the Puritan Colony, she moved to Rhode Island and later New York, where her and her family were murdered by Indians. 10. Roger Williams-Salem minister who advocated a complete break from the Church of England and criticized the Massachusetts Bay Colony for unlawfully taking land from the Indians. Banished for his heresies, he established a small community in present-day Rhode Island, later acquiring a charter for the colony from England. 11. Bacon's Rebellion-Uprising of Virginia back-country farmers and indentured servants led by Nathaniel Bacon; initially a response to governor William Berkeley's refusal to protect back-country settlers from Indian attacks, the rebellion eventually grew into a broader conflict between impoverished settlers and the planter elite. The group fell murderously upon the Indians, chased Berkeley from Jamestown, and put the torch to the capital. 12. Constitutional Convention-meeting of delegates in 1787 to revise the Articles of Confederation, which produced the new U.S. Constitution. 13. Articles of Confederation-First American constitution that established the U.S. as a loose confederation of states under a weak national government. 14. Hamilton’s Plan-advocated creation of a national bank, assumption of state debts by the federal government, and a tariff system to pay off the national debt. 15. American System- Henry Clay's three-pronged system to promote American industry. Clay advocated a strong banking system, a protective tariff and a federally funded transportation network. 16. Causes of the War of 1812-trade restrictions because of Britain's ongoing war with France, impressment of American merchant sailors into the Royal Navy, and British support of American Indian tribes against American expansion. 17. Effects of the War of 1812- Nationalism, economy boost, broke the alliance between the British and the Indians, and British forts removed from the US. 18. Compact Theory- the idea advanced by Rousseau, Locke, and Jefferson, that government is created by voluntary agreement among the people involved and that revolution is justified if government breaks the compact by exceeding its authority. 19. Whiskey Rebellion- Popular uprising of whiskey distillers in southwestern Pennsylvania in opposition to an excise tax on whiskey. In a show of strength and resolve by the new central government, Washington put down the rebellion with the U.S. Military. 20. Jay's...
Continue Reading

Please join StudyMode to read the full document

You May Also Find These Documents Helpful

  • APUSH Essay
  • APUSH Essay
  • CHapter 1 APUSH Vocab Essay
  • Apush Chapter 7 Vocab Essay
  • APUSH Vocab Essay
  • APUSH Essay
  • vocab Research Paper
  • apush Essay

Become a StudyMode Member

Sign Up - It's Free