Recent trends in the global economy show an ever-widening gap in the equality of wealth and income. Both on the individual national and international levels, countries are becoming further separated on the level on personal wealth. This has come mainly as a result of the process of globalization. Countries are becoming more and more competitive with one another, attempting to remain afloat the expanding globalization process they have put their countries social development at great costs (Human Development Report, 2005). Many of the policies countries enact in order to remain competitive have failed in their ability to help the people. Liberalizing policies, such those specific to trade and finance, have caused greater inequality and stability in terms of employment, income, as well as hindered a countries control over their own policies. In fact, many policies have disabled a countries ability to retain control of both monetary policies and exchange rates (HRD, 2005). One of the best ways of measuring income distribution, an important aspect in the determination of wealth, is through the Gini coefficient. Little (2005) states that the measurement shows the dispersion of income across varying income levels within a country. While the process of globalization has mainly contributed to negative effects in developing countries, the gap of wealth inequality has been growing in the developed world as well. In addition to the numerous policies that are affecting these countries negatively, transnational companies are capitalizing off the impoverishment of farmers. In fact, certain companies are now earning higher profits, while farmers are being paid less for their goods than they were in the past (Siva, 2000). It is necessary for new structural reforms to be implemented if there is to be an improvement in the equality between people within nations as well as internationally. It is necessary that structural adjustments be implemented if there is to be any improvement in the growing inequality of wealth. The expanding gap of inequality has come as a result of the liberalization of policies, which have worsened the income and wealth of those in developing and can be reversed through structural adjustments and a greater responsibility on the part of transnational companies.
Growth and Inequality
The developing world in particular is of great interest in terms of increasing inequality due the more rapid increase in the gap as well as its relation to poverty. Many of the challenges, aside from inequality, that the developing world faces are centered on poverty. Poverty cannot be solved, or at the very least be reduced, without specific attention being placed on the wealth gap. Many countries are attempting to reach that sought after "developed" status without playing close enough attention to the problems that are arising as a result of their goals. The concept of growth has had great importance placed upon in it when attempting to solve the problem of inequality and poverty. The idea of growth and inequality are tied together in the sense that one may not directly solve the other. In some cases, as stated in the Report on the World Social Situation (as cited in Ravalion, 2004), the impact of growth on poverty is less likely when inequality is increasing. The relation between growth and inequality should be one of greater concern to the developing world, as attempts to solve both poverty and inequality cannot be done with just one policy. It will take a number efforts working collectively to face the challenge of greater equality and shared wealth.
Policies and Protection
Currently policies or issues that focus around the further development and benefit of large corporations while diminishing not only the well-being, but rights of others as well are dominating the world. Issues of free trade, property rights, and liberalizing policies currently are the focus our globalizing world but it's the...
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Inequalities and Asymmetries in the Global Order
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Marshall, R (Ed.) (2000)
Ocampo, J., Martin, J (2003). Globalization and Development: A Latin American and Caribbean Perspective. Palo Alto, California: Stanford University Press.
Siva, Vandana. "Globalization and Poverty," in Resurgence, Sept/Oct. 2000, pp. 15-19.
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