Greek and Roman Architecture

Topics: Ancient Rome, Pantheon, Rome, Roman Empire Pages: 2 (407 words) Published: November 15, 2011
Running Head: Greek and Roman Architecture Pg. 1

Greek and Roman Architecture

By: Michelle Carrothers

Art 101

November 2nd, 2008

Head: Greek and Roman Architecture Pg. 2

Greek and Roman Architecture

Compare the characteristics and innovation of each Greek and Roman Architecture. The Greek and Roman architecture is very impressive for not only their time but also in our time today. The Greek architecture uses the columns in almost all of their temples. The shapes of the columns were extremely important to the Greeks. They used three different types of columns. The “Doric”, “Ionic”, and the “Corinthian”. All of these columns have a center piece that would be for displaying their Greek God(s) with what ever decorations. The Temple of Olympian Zeus is an example of “Corinthian” columns. The Temple of Poseidon is an example of “Doric” columns, and Athens is an example of “Ionic” columns. The Greeks usually built with either mud, wood, plaster, and/or stone. Most of their buildings have not stood the test of time. Only temples made with marble or limestone these were built as objects of art honoring their different gods. These have been able to withstand the damage that time brings.

The Roman architecture used mostly arches in their works. Which held more weight than the columns. Yes they used columns but only as decoration because of the weight. The Pantheon in Rome is a great example of this architecture. This building housed two kings and is one of the biggest surviving building in Rome. Romans used the same materials as the Greeks especially the Marble and Limestone. But they perfected the use of concrete, which is what most of their structures are made with. Most of the Romans buildings that are still preserved today are amphitheaters,...
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