Throughout history, many cultures have experienced a Golden Age when great advances were made in a variety of different fields. A Golden Age is a period in history of immense peace, prosperity, and happiness. Two cultures that have experienced a
Golden Age are the Han Dynasty of China (206 BCE-220 CE) and the Gupta Dynasty of India (320-550 CE). Both dynasties’ advancements have further influenced the modern world. Under the rule of Emperor Han Wudi of the Han Dynasty, China flourished into yet another Golden Age. Trade, philosophy, medicine, inventing all played major parts in the Han Dynasty’s successful Golden Age. By about 100 BC, Emperor Wudi sent a diplomat Zhang Qian into Central Asia. Chinese products, particularly silk, were being transported and traded along an overland route. The trade of horses for Chinese merchandise further established the trading route. Ultimately, the trails followed by the caravan and cavalcade traffic became known as the Silk Road. Trade along the Silk Road brought China in contact with other civilizations.
The Silk Road became a network of trade routes between Asia and Europe for economic, cultural and religious exchanges. (3) The Han Dynasty benefitted from Confucianism and became the official belief system of China. Confucianism is a philosophy concerned with human beings, their achievements, and interests. In Confucianism, man is the center of the universe, can’t live alone, but lies with other human beings. For human beings, the ultimate goal is individual happiness. The necessary condition to achieve happiness is through peace. To reach peace, Confucius discovered that human relations consisted of five relationships: ruler to subject, father to son, husband to wife, older brother to younger brother, and friend to friend. (7) Emperor Wudi declared China as a Confucian state. During this period, other ideologies were banned and everyone, even children, was