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Topics: Class, Subroutine, Data type / Pages: 5 (546 words) / Published: Jun 27th, 2014
Abstraction refers to the ability to make a class abstract in OOP. An abstract class is one that cannot be instantiated. All other functionality of the class still exists, and its fields, methods, and constructors are all accessed in the same manner. You just cannot create an instance of the abstract class.
If a class is abstract and cannot be instantiated, the class does not have much use unless it is subclass. This is typically how abstract classes come about during the design phase. A parent class contains the common functionality of a collection of child classes, but the parent class itself is too abstract to be used on its own.
Abstract Class:
Use the abstract keyword to declare a class abstract. The keyword appears in the class declaration somewhere before the class keyword.
/* File name : Employee.java */ public abstract class Employee
{
private String name; private String address; private int number; public Employee(String name, String address, int number) { System.out.println("Constructing an Employee"); this.name = name; this.address = address; this.number = number; } public double computePay() { System.out.println("Inside Employee computePay"); return 0.0; } public void mailCheck() { System.out.println("Mailing a check to " + this.name + " " + this.address); } public String toString() { return name + " " + address + " " + number; } public String getName() { return name; } public String getAddress() { return address; } public void setAddress(String newAddress) { address = newAddress; } public int getNumber() { return number; }
}
Notice that nothing is different in this Employee class. The class is now abstract, but it still has three fields, seven methods, and one constructor.
Now if you would try as follows:
/* File name : AbstractDemo.java */

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