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Geology Questions

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1.)A mastodon was found in Lafayette after being in the ground for how long?
A.)30-35 million
B.)30-35 billion
C.)100 thousand
D.)13.7 billion

2.)What is placing geological events in a sequential order as determined from their position in the geological record?
A.)geologic time
B.)Relative dating
D.)tree-ring dating

3.)Which of the following methods can be used to demonstrate age equivalency of rock units?
A.)Lateral tracing
B.)Radiometric Dating
C.)Guide fossils
D.)Position in sequence
E.)All of the above

1. The first form of horses had how many toes on each foot?
a. three
b. seven
c. four
d. five
2. Is evolution Darwin's theory?
a. yes
b. no
c. I wasn't paying attention
d. who cares
3. "Survival of the fiitest" was whose idea?
a. Sir Charles Lyell
b. Louis Agassiz
c. Charles Darwin
d. Robert T. Bakker
4. Darwin was a
a. math professor
b. famous cartoon character
c. singer
d. gradualist

1. Who is the author of a book that detailed the ideas of evolution and proposed a mechanism whereby evolution could take place?
a) Gary Kinsland
b) Charles Robert Darwin
c) Alfred Russel Wallace
d) Michael Jackson
2. Darwin and Wallace reading Malthus's essay came to the same conclusion and both presenting this conclusion to the Linnaean Society in London. The conclusion is called
a) natural selection
b) the big bang theory
c) genetics
d) all of the above
3. What is Jean Baptiste de Lemark's theory that new traits arise in organisms according to need somehow being passed onto their descendants?
a) natural selection
b) artificial selection
c) inheritance of acquired characteristics
d) all of the above
1. fossils are mainly found in what aspect?
b. oceans
d. mountains
2.what was Charles Drawin known for?
a. His good looks
b. his ideas about life
c. the theory of evoloution
3.about how long ago was earth known to be formed?
a.200 thousand years ago million years ago
c. 4.6 billion years ago
d. no one really knows
1. Fossils are best preserved in the ____________. a. rocks b. ocean c. lava d. space
2. A single celled organism that grew and produced oxygen and its structures still remain. a. stramatalites b. algae c. coral reef d. plants
3. Which species is the best geologic record of evolution? a. pig b. passenger pigeon c. whooping crane d. horse

1) What period does the Cenozoic era cover?

a) 65.5 Mya to present
b) 250 million years ago to about 65 million years ago
c) 542 to 251 million years ago
d) None of the above

2) What is something Charles Darwin is known for?

a) He created the theory of evolution
b) He gave us the idea that species evolved in order to better suit their environment
c) A and B
d) None of the above

3) What kind of fossils are more informative

a) Big Fossils, because they catch our imagination
b) Microfossils, because they give us more details about the environment and the climate
c) Fossils of small insects and plants
d) B and C

1. Fossils that are easily identified are geographically widespread, and existed for a rather short interval of geologic time are particularly useful? A. fossils B. historical fossils C. guide fossils D. new fossils E. old fossils

2. Fundamental Principles of Relative Dating include all of the following except: A. Principle of the earth’s make-up B. Principle of superposition C. Principle of cross-cutting relationships D. Principle of lateral continuity E. Principle of original horizontality 3. It is the decay rate of _________ that geologists measure to determine the absolute ages of the rocks. A. atoms B. unstable isotopes C. elements D. fossils E. rocks

1. The illustrates the interactions between Earth's internal and external processes and how the three rock groups are interrelated.
A. Rock Cycle
B. Lithospere
C. Seafloor Spreading
D. Oceanic chart
2. Geology is divided into two broad areas: Physical Geology and
A. Historical Geology
B. Cultural Geology
C. Statistical Geology
D. Researched Geology

3. The theory that the seafloor moves away from spreading ridges and is eventually consumed at subduction zones is:
A. Seafloor Spreading
B. Pangaea
C. Evolution
D. Cross-cutting

1) How long ago was the earth formed?

a) 5.6 billion years
b) 250 million years
c) 4.6 billion years
d) 1.2 billion years

2) Which time period precedes the triassic?

a) Jurassic
b) Permian
c) Silurian
d) Pre-Cambrian

3) What kind of unconformity is characterized by a change in the slope of the strata?

a) Angular unconformity
b) Paraconformity
c) Disconformity
d) Nonconformity

1.What era did the dinosaurs rome the earth?
a.the Triassic Period
b. Jurrasic Period
c.Paleolithic period
d.Neolithic Period
2.What is fossil succession?
a. When fossils are lined up next to each other
b. When different animals are fossiled together
c.The idea that he kinds of animals and plants found as fossils changed through time.
3. What is a Light year?
a. A term made up by star wars
b. a mile in space
c. It is the distance that light can travel in one year.

1.) James Hutton is know for

A. Being the founder of modern geology
B. Discovering radioactivity
C. Creating the principle of cross-cutting relationships
D. Both A. and C.

2.) The first hard-shelled creatures evolved approximately

A. 900 million years ago
B. 2 million years ago
C. 200 million years ago
D. It is unknown

3.) Carbon 14 is a radioactive ______ of carbon.

A. Ion
B. Isotope
C. Particle
D. Element

In what direction does the Dekota Ridge run from the mountain it is connected to?
A. Horizontal
B. Vertical
C. Perpendicular
D. Parallel

What animal was the first horse comparison to in size?
A. Fish
B. Bird
C. Cat
D. Dog

What percentage of known species of life has disappeared?
A. 73
B. 46
C. 90
D. 65

1. The first horses were no larger than what animal?
a. Cats
b. Cows
c. Dogs
d. Rabbits

2. Who first discussed the idea that species change to better survive their surroundings?
a. Sir Isaac Newton
b. Charles Darwin
c. Albert Einstein
d. Charles Manson

3. The first horses had how many toes?
a. 3
b. 0
c. 5
d. 4

_________ is an informal term that encompasses all geologic time from 4.6 to 4.0 billion years ago.
A. Archean
B. siderian
C. Hadean
D. Stenian
E. neoarchean

The cratons are the foundations of continents, and along their margins more continental crust was added, a process called ________.
A. Continental accretion
B. shield
C. Precambrian
D. Canadian shield
E. protocontinents

Any change in the genetic makeup of species is called ______.
A. Macroevolution
B. convergence
C. Evolution
D. Cladistics
E. microevolution

1. How many toes did the first horses have?

2. Who said that species gradually change to suit there natural habitat?
a.Chuck Norris
b.Charles Darwin
d.both a and c

3. Darwin gave us the _________ of evolution.
a.theory number

What percentage of known species of life have disappeared?
A. 70
B. 69
D. 45

1.) What do Paleontologists call the "missing links" that connect the descendants with ancestors when providing evidence for evolution with fossils?

A. Trace Fossils
B. Body Fossils
C. Dino Bones
D. Transitional Fossils
E. Vestigial Structures

2.) What is the type of structure that may be superficially similar and serve the same function, as in the wings of insects and birds, but they are dissimilar in structure and development?

A. Constructed Structure
B. Analogous Structure
C. Twin Structure
D. Homologous Structure
E. Classification Structure

3.) What principle, articulated by Charles Lyell, became the guiding principle of geology, which holds that the laws of nature have been constant through time and that the same process operating today have operated in the past, although not necessarily at the same rates?

A. Uniformitarianism
B. Diesm
C. Conformism
D. Baptism
E. Cannibalism

1) The universe is approximately _______ times older than the Earth.
a. Two
b. Three
c. Four
d. Six

2.) Fossils are best preserved
a. in Oceans
b. in Mountains
c. on Land
d. in Outer Space

3. Earth is ________ years old.
a. 3.7 billion
b. 13.7 billion
c. 4.6 billion
d. 4.6 million
e. None of the above

1. How long can Carbon14 be used?

A. 55,000 years
B. 75,000 years
C. 10,000 years
D. 1,000,000 years
E. Unknown

2. Who founded radioactivity?

A. Madame Marie Cury
B. James Hudton
C. Gary Kinsland
D. James Newton
E. It is unknown

3. Which time period marked the 1st period of shelled organisms?

A. Cambrian
B. Jurassic
C. Paleozoic
D. Mesozoic
E. Both A and C

4. The parent-daughter ratio is usually determined by what?

A. atomic mass number
B. alpha decay
C. mass spectrometer
D. track dating
E. none of the above

5. The process of demonstrating the time equivalency of rock unit in different areas is:

A. relative dating
B. correlation
C. radioactive decay
D. Both A and C
E. None of the above

6. Who is credited with formulating the principle of cross-cutting relationships?

A. Nicolas Steno
B. James Hutton
C. Lord Kelvin
D. Madame Cury
E. None of the above

1) What is Absolute Dating?

a)When male and female rocks form together to make another rock
b)a common method of obtaining absolute ages
c)When Powell led a second expedition down the Colorado River in 1871
d)Specific dates for rock units or events expressed in years before the present

2) Who is the Father of Modern Geology?

a)Albert Einstein
b)James Usher
c)James Hutton
d) Alexander the Great

3) What is a secondary way to determine relative ages of rocks, other than by of heat?

a)Principle of Fossil Succession
b)Principle of Fossil Assemblages
c)Principle of Inclusions

1) Which of the following is not a type of strata unconformities?
A. Disconformity
B. Lateral Unconformity
C. Angular Unconformity
D. Nonconformity

2) How do scientists correlate rock units over a large area?
A. Principle of Superposition
B. Principle of Inclusions
C. Principle of Fossil Succession
D. Contact Metamorphism

3) Radioactive decay occurs at a ______ rate. Therefore, a graph of the decay rate produces a ______.
A. linear / straight line
B. geometric / curve
C. linear / curve
D. geometric / straight line

1. ________ reproduction hinders evolution.

a. Sexual
b. Asexual
c. Pansexual
d. Infrequent

2. Earth's atmospheric shift from a mainly carbon dioxide atmosphere to a mainly oxygen atmosphere was caused by _______.

a. life on Earth
b. the recycling of igneous rocks
c. the earth cooling down
d. every being on earth holding its breath at the same time

3. The "Cambrian Explosion" features life forms that have _______ for the very first time.

a. extremities
b. fur
c. hard shells
d. beaks

4. Rocks are to "Orientals" just as rocks are to _______.

a. "Occidentals"
b. Asians
c. Blacks
d. people from Oregon

1. What is an outcrop?
a. a place where rocks come out to the surface
b. a 1960's hair-cut
c. inserts of younger rock in existing older rock
d. the head of vegetables in a field

2. what is the most common mineral in the Earth?
a. silicon
b. feldspar
c. sediment
d. rocks

3. which carbon type is radio-active?
a. carbon X
b. carbon 18
c. carbon Z3
d. carbon 14

1.Fossilization is a very unusual process, even in the ocean because of
A.people tampering with the process
C.the amount of water it's under
D.natural disasters that occur

2.Why is an anoxic environment the best way for an fossil to become preserved?

A.It stops the scavengers from living
B.People aren't able to survive in that type of environment
C.It speeds up the process
D.None of the above

3.What type of organisms are more likely to become fossilized?

A. One with bones
B. any type
C. One with a shell
D. both A and C

1. When the oldest layers are on bottom? (Class notes)
A) Original Continuity
B) Superposition
C) Original Horizontality
D) Radio Activity

2. When were plants and animals abundant on land according to video #1's geologic time calendar year?
A) Early March
B) Late March
C) Late July
D) Late November

3. How were fossils formed? (Video #2)
A) Molds of an organism
B) Crystallized casts
C) Fossil tracks and burrows
D) All of the above

.) Preservation from fossils are best a. In oceans b. On land c. In mountains d. grass 2.) What are the most common types of fossils? a) Molded b) Cast c) Imprint d) Whole animal 3.) Where is the best place to bury yourself if you would like to be preserved? a) Great plains b) Rocky mountains c) Gulf of Mexico d) Nevada
1. Which is the oldest of the geologic time scale_____?
a. cambrian
d. mississippian
2. Which is the oldest of the geologic time scale_____?
a. cambrian
b. permian
c. jurassic
d. mississippian
3. What is education______?
a. learning
b. going to school
c. learning while going to school
d. the process of becoming disabused of your preconsumed notions

1. Early Earth's atmosphere was largely made up of what?
A. Oxygen
B. Nitrogen
C. Carbon-Dioxide
D. Carbon-Monoxide

2. The arrival of hard shell organisms was in which period?
A. Siluvian
B. Cambrian
C. Permian
D. There from the beginning

3. What is the most common kind of fossil?
A. Molds
B. Tracks
C. Bones
D. Shells

Professor Kinsland mainly supports what other University (other than ULL)?
B)University of Oregon
D)University of Texas

Algae is
A) one of the simplest life forms
B) a complicated living being
C) a mineral
D) a fossil

About how many miles of compacted fossils, minerals, etc. are buried beneath our feet from the past million years?
A) 10 miles
B) 2000 miles
C) 8 miles
D) none; they disenegrate

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