Geographic Factors

Topics: Geography, Ecosystem, Natural environment Pages: 3 (684 words) Published: November 18, 2012
Geographical features are the components of the Earth. There are two types of geographical features, namely natural geographical features and artificial geographical features. Natural geographical features include but are not limited to landforms and ecosystems. For example, terrain types, bodies of water, natural units (consisting of all plants, animals and micro-organisms in an area functioning together with all of the non-living physical factors of the environment) are natural geographical features. Meanwhile, human settlements, engineered constructs, etc. are types of artificial geographical features. Contents [hide]

1 Natural geographical features
1.1 Ecosystems
1.2 Landforms
2 Artificial geographical features
2.1 Settlements
2.2 Engineered constructs
3 Cartographical features
4 See also
5 References
[edit]Natural geographical features

Main article: Ecosystem
"Any unit that includes all of the organisms (ie: the "community") in a given area the physical environment so that a flow of energy leads to clearly defined trophic structure, biotic diversity, and material cycles (i.e.: exchange of materials between living and nonliving parts) within the system is an ecosystem."[1] Living organisms are continually engaged in a set of relationships with every other element constituting the environment in which they exist, and "ecosystem" describes any situation where there is relationship between organisms and their environment. What makes them geographical features is that they are located A biome is a geographically defined area of ecologically similar communities of plants, animals, and soil organisms, often referred to as ecosystems. Biomes are defined based on factors such as plant structures (such as trees, shrubs, and grasses), leaf types (such as broadleaf and needleleaf), plant spacing (forest, woodland, savanna), and climate. Unlike ecozonse, biomes are not defined by genetic, taxonomic, or historical similarities. Biomes are...

References: ^ Odum EP (1234534971) of ecology, third editionSaunders New York
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